Steinberg2 – Dorico – User Manual

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Operation ManualDaniel Spreadbury
Cristina Bachmann, Heiko Bischoff, Christina Kaboth, Insa Mingers, Matthias Obrecht, Sabine Pfeifer,
Benjamin Schütte, Marita Sladek
This PDF provides improved access for vision-impaired users. Please note that due to the complexity and
number of images in this document, it is not possible to include text descriptions of images.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment
on the part of Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH. The software described by this document is subject to
a License Agreement and may not be copied to other media except as specifically allowed in the License
Agreement. No part of this publication may be copied, reproduced, or otherwise transmitted or recorded, for
any purpose, without prior written permission by Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH. Registered licensees
of the product described herein may print one copy of this document for their personal use.
All product and company names are

or
®
trademarks of their respective owners. For more information,
please visit www.steinberg.net/trademarks.
©
Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH, 2017.
All rights reserved.Table of Contents
3
4 Introduction
4 Platform-Independent Documentation
4 Usage of Musical Terms
5 Conventions
9 How You Can Reach Us
11 First Steps
11 Getting Around
18 Starting a New Project
21 Writing Music
26 Dorico Concepts
26 Design Philosophy
27 Key Musical Concepts
31 User Interface
31 Hub
34 Windows
44 Setting up Your Workspace
53 Setup Mode
53 Project Window in Setup Mode
58 Players
63 Ensembles
63 Instruments
65 Groups
67 Flows
69 Layouts
74 Write Mode
74 Project Window in Write Mode
79 Note Input
112 Engrave Mode
112 Project Window in Engrave Mode
117 Master Pages
126 Frames
143 Properties in Engrave Mode
154 Print Mode
154 Project Window in Print Mode
157 Printing Your Layouts
160 Exporting Your Layouts as Graphic Files
162 Printing/Exporting Multiple Layouts
162 Layout Page Arrangements for Printing/
Exporting
164 Handling Page Sizes and Paper Sizes
165 Annotations
167 Notation Reference
167 Spaces
167 Stems
169 Accidentals
175 Articulations
180 Time Signatures
181 Ties
185 Lyrics
187 IndexIntroduction
4
Thank you very much for purchasing Dorico.
We are delighted that you have chosen Steinberg`s new scoring application and hope that you
will enjoy using it for years to come.
Dorico is a next-generation application for producing beautiful sheet music, whether you
are a composer, arranger, music engraver, publisher, instrumentalist, teacher, or student.
Whether you want to print your music or share it in a digital format, Dorico is the most
sophisticated program available.
Like all of Steinberg`s products, Dorico has been designed from the ground up by a team
of musicians who understand your needs and who are dedicated to producing a tool that
is both easy to learn and use, but also capable of results of the highest quality. Dorico also
integrates with your existing workflow and can import and export files in a variety of formats.
Dorico thinks about music the same way a human musician does and has a deeper
understanding of the elements of music and musical performance than other scoring
applications. Its unique design allows an unprecedented degree of flexibility, in music input
and editing, in score layout, in rhythmic freedom, and many other areas besides.
Most sincerely yours,
Your Steinberg Dorico Team
Platform-Independent Documentation
The documentation applies to the operating systems Windows and macOS.
Features and settings that are specific to one of these platforms are clearly indicated. In all
other cases, the descriptions and procedures in the documentation are valid for Windows
and macOS.
Some points to consider:
• The screenshots are taken from Windows.
• Some functions that are available on the File menu on Windows can be found in the
program name menu on macOS.
Usage of Musical Terms
This documentation uses American terminology for musical items throughout the
documentation.
The following table lists all the notes and notations that have different names in American
and British English:Introduction
Conventions 
5
American Name British Name
Double whole note Breve
Whole note Semibreve
Half note Minim
Quarter note Crotchet
Eighth note Quaver
Sixteenth note Semiquaver
Thirty-second note Demisemiquaver
Sixty-fourth note Hemidemisemiquaver
Hundred twenty-eighth note Semihemidemisemiquaver
Two hundred fifty-sixth note Demisemihemidemisemiquaver
Staff Stave
Bar/Measure
NOTE
This documentation only uses “bar”.
Bar
Conventions
In our documentation, we use typographical and markup elements to structure information.
Typographical Elements
The following typographical elements mark the following purposes.
PREREQUISITE
Requires you to complete an action or to fulfill a condition before starting a
procedure.
PROCEDURE
Lists the steps that you must take to achieve a specific result.
IMPORTANT
Informs you about issues that might affect the system, the connected hardware,
or that might bring a risk of data loss.Introduction
Conventions 
6
NOTE
Informs you about issues that you should consider.
EXAMPLE
Provides you with an example.
RESULT
Shows the result of the procedure.
AFTER COMPLETING THIS TASK
Informs you about actions or tasks that you can undertake after completing the
procedure.
RELATED LINKS
Lists related topics that you can find in this documentation.
Markup
Elements of the user interface are highlighted throughout the documentation.
Names of menus, options, functions, dialogs, windows, etc. are highlighted in bold.
EXAMPLE
To open notation options in Write mode, select Write > Notation Options.
If bold text is separated by a greater-than symbol, this indicates a sequence of different
menus to open.
EXAMPLE
Select Engrave > Engraving Options.
File names and folder paths are highlighted in Courier typeface.
Key Commands
Many of the default key commands, also known as keyboard shortcuts, use modifier keys,
some of which are different depending on the operating system.
For example, the default key command for Undo is Ctrl-Z on Windows and Cmd-Z on macOS.
When key commands with modifier keys are described in this manual, they are shown with
the Windows modifier key first, in the following way:
• Windows modifier key/macOS modifier key-key
EXAMPLE
Ctrl/Cmd-Z means: press Ctrl on Windows or Cmd on macOS, then press Z.Introduction
Conventions 
7
Key Commands in Dorico
The default key commands in Dorico depend on your keyboard layout.
If you move the mouse over a tool or a function, the information in brackets shows the key
command that is used to activate or deactivate a tool or a function.
You can also do one of the following:
• Open the Dorico Key Commands window that provides an overview of all available key
commands.
• Search for key commands of specific functions or menu items in the Preferences
dialog. In this dialog, you can also assign new key commands or change default key
commands.
RELATED LINKS
Dorico Key Commands Window on page 7
Searching for Key Commands of Functions on page 8
Dorico Key Commands Window
The Dorico Key Commands window shows a virtual computer keyboard. Depending on the
selected keyboard layout that you have selected in the Preferences dialog, it highlights the
keys that have been assigned key commands. Below the virtual computer keyboard, all key
commands are listed.
To access the Dorico Key Commands window, do one of the following:
• Select Help > Key Commands.
• Select Edit > Preferences, and in the Preferences dialog, in the Key Commands
section, click Print Summary.
The Dorico Key Commands window opens in a web browser. You have the following options:
• To see the available key commands, select a context. The context of a key command is
the mode in which it can be used. Key commands that have a global context work in all
modes.
• To highlight the keys that you can press in combination with the modifier key to form
a key command, press a modifier key on your computer keyboard, such as Shift. You
can also press more than one modifier key. The virtual computer keyboard shows the
highlighted keys and displays on each key to which functions it is assigned.
NOTE
You can also use the mouse to select a modifier key on the virtual computer keyboard.
• To search for a specific key command, enter one or multiple words in the search input
field.
• To get an overview of all available key commands, browse the key commands that
are listed below the virtual keyboard. The key commands are listed according to the
context in which they can be used.Introduction
Conventions 
8
Searching for Key Commands of Functions
You can search for key commands that are assigned to functions or menu items in Dorico.
NOTE
You can also search for functions in the Dorico Key Commands window.
PROCEDURE
1. Select Edit > Preferences.
2. In the Key Commands section, in the Search field, enter the name of a function.
The entries that are listed below are filtered according to the words that you enter.
3. Expand an entry and select the function for which you want to see the key command.
RESULT
If the function has a key command, it is shown in the Assigned key commands display.
RELATED LINKS
Dorico Key Commands Window on page 7
Changing the Keyboard Layout
You can change the keyboard layout in Dorico. This allows you to use the pre-defined key
commands for your language.
PROCEDURE
1. Select Edit > Preferences.
2. In the Key Commands section, from the Keyboard language pop-up menu, select a
different keyboard layout.
3. Click Apply.
RESULT
You can immediately use the available key commands for your language.
Assigning Key Commands
You can assign key commands to Dorico functions that have no key commands assigned. You
can also change existing key commands.
PROCEDURE
1. Select Edit > Preferences.
2. In the Key Commands section, search for the name of a function and select it.
3. Optional: Press Remove Key Command if the function is already assigned a key
command.
NOTE
If you assign a new key command without removing an existing one, you will be able to
use either key command.
4. Click in the New key command input field.Introduction
How You Can Reach Us 
9
5. On your computer keyboard, press the key command that you want to assign.
6. Click Add Key Command.
The key command is shown in the Assigned key commands display.
7. Click Apply.
RESULT
You can immediately use the assigned key command.
RELATED LINKS
Searching for Key Commands of Functions on page 8
Resetting Key Commands on page 9
Removing Key Commands
You can remove assigned key commands from a function.
PROCEDURE
1. Select Edit > Preferences.
2. In the Key Commands section, search for the name of a function and select it.
3. Click Remove Key Command.
4. Click Apply.
RESULT
The key command is removed from the selected function.
RELATED LINKS
Searching for Key Commands of Functions on page 8
Resetting Key Commands on page 9
Resetting Key Commands
You can reset all key commands to their defaults.
PROCEDURE
1. Select Edit > Preferences.
2. In the Key Commands section, click Reset Key Commands.
3. Click OK.
RESULT
All custom key commands are deleted and the default key commands are reinstated.
How You Can Reach Us
On the Help menu you find items linking to additional information.
The menu contains links to various Steinberg web pages. Selecting one of these menu items
automatically launches your web browser and opens the page. On these pages, you can find
support and compatibility information, answers to frequently asked questions, informationIntroduction
How You Can Reach Us 
10
about updates and other Steinberg products, etc. This requires that you have a web browser
installed on your computer and a working Internet connection.First Steps
11
This chapter helps you to get started with Dorico.
When you start Dorico for the first time, we recommend that you open one of the templates
first to have a look at the user interface and the functions that Dorico provides before you
start your own projects. You are welcome to skip this part and explore the program for
yourself.
The following sections inform you about the following topics:
• Overview of the most important workspaces
• Setting up a new project
• Writing your music and adding notation items to your score
• Laying out and formatting pages
• Playing back what you created
• Printing and exporting
Getting Around
The following sections give you an overview of the user interface and introduce you to how
Dorico is structured.
Opening a Template
Before you start your own project, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the user
interface of Dorico. To prepare for this, open one of the templates that are provided with the
program.
PREREQUISITE
You have started Dorico. The Hub is open.
PROCEDURE
1. In the Hub, select one of the listed template groups, for example the Choral and Vocal
templates.
2. Select one of the listed templates.First Steps
Getting Around 
12
3. Click New from Template.
RESULT
The template opens.
AFTER COMPLETING THIS TASK
Proceed to the following sections that provide a quick overview of the user interface and that
introduce you to the main functions of the program.
RELATED LINKS
Hub on page 31
Quick Tour of the User Interface
The user interface of Dorico consists of different modes that represent different phases in
the workflow of preparing a score.
The user interface has a structure that is the same in each of the application’s modes. There
is always a large area for editing your music in the center of the project window. In every
mode, there are collapsible panels on the left, right, and bottom of the project window,
depending on which mode you are using. The contents of these panels change according to
the selected mode.
When you open the template, the first view shows the project window in Write mode:First Steps
Getting Around 
13
The project window contains the following areas:
Toolbar
The toolbar is located at the top of the project window.
On the left side of the toolbar, the modes are displayed. By activating a mode, you change the
workspace and the available panels. The active mode is highlighted in a different color. In the
middle of the toolbar, layout options allow you to switch between the different layouts in your
project and to show/hide panels and tabs. On the right side of the toolbar, you can open a
Mixer and activate basic transport controls that, among other functions, allow you to play
back and record your music.
Music Area
The music area is the main part of the project window in Setup, Write, and Engrave mode
where you set up, input, edit and format your music. In Play mode, this area is called event
display, in which every note is displayed as an event. In Print mode, this area is called print
preview area, which shows a preview of what is going to be printed or exported as a graphic.First Steps
Getting Around 
14
The music area displays the scores or the instrumental parts that you create. On top of
the music area you can activate several layouts in tabs and switch between them. Layouts
in Dorico allow you to show different presentations of your music. If you have a full score
with different instrumental parts, such as a violin part and a bassoon part, you can switch
between the full score layout and the layouts of each part. To save space on the screen or to
focus on a specific layout, you can hide the tabs.
Toolboxes
In Write mode, there are additional columns at the left and right edges of the project window.
These are called toolboxes.
Notes toolbox in Write mode
Notations toolbox in Write modeFirst Steps
Getting Around 
15
The notes toolbox on the left allows you to activate or deactivate various note input tools. The
notations toolbox on the right provides tools that allow you to create and edit other notations,
such as clefs, key signatures, time signatures, etc.
Panels
Dorico provides panels with various functions in all modes. When you open the template,
there is a panel on the left of the music area. This is the notes panel in Write mode.
Notes panel in Write mode
The notes panel contains all the durations, accidentals, slurs, and articulations that are most
commonly used when inputting notes.
Status Bar
At the bottom of the project window, a status bar allows you to select different views and
page arrangements for the music area.
RELATED LINKS
Functions of the Modes on page 15
User Interface on page 31
Functions of the Modes
Modes represent different phases in the workflow of preparing a score.
By activating a mode, you change the workspace and the available panels.First Steps
Getting Around 
16
Setup Mode
In Setup mode, you can create players, groups of players, and assign instruments to them.
You can define different layouts for your project that you can print or export independently.
For example, you can print or export a layout for the full score and separate layouts for each
instrumental part.
Write Mode
In Write mode, you can input your music. The available toolboxes and panels allow you to
input all the notes and notation items that are most commonly used.
Engrave Mode
In Engrave mode, you can make fine adjustments to the music that you input in Write mode
and determine how the pages of your project are laid out.
Play Mode
In Play mode, you can assign virtual instruments and effects for playback to instruments and
playing techniques. You can make adjustments to how individual notes are played back in
order to produce a more realistic performance.
Print Mode
In Print mode, you can print your layouts or export them as graphic files.
Hiding/Restoring Panels
You can hide and show individual or multiple panels. This is useful if you want to see more of
the music area, for example.
PROCEDURE
• Do one of the following:
• To show/hide the left panel, click its disclosure arrow or select Window > Show
Left Panel.
• To show/hide the right panel, click its disclosure arrow or select Window > Show
Right Panel.
• To show/hide the bottom panel, click its disclosure arrow or select Window >
Show Bottom Panel.
• To show/hide all panels, click Hide/Restore Panels or select Window > Hide/
Restore Panels.
RESULT
If you hide all active panels, the button changes its look and displays which panels are
hidden. For example, the following button indicates that all panels were active and are now
hidden: .
Working with Tabs and Windows
Dorico enables you to set up your workspace according to your working style.First Steps
Getting Around 
17
Dorico allows you to open multiple tabs to display multiple layouts in the same project within
the same window. You can also open the same project in several windows.
RELATED LINKS
Setting up Your Workspace on page 44
Opening a New Tab
You can open a new tab to display a different view or layout within the same project window.
Each tab can contain a separate layout or an additional view of a layout that is already open
in another tab or window. Whenever you open a new tab, you are prompted to select a layout
that you want to display in the tab.
You can find the tabs at the top of the music area, below the toolbar. If you do not see the
tabs, click Show Tabs in the toolbar.
PROCEDURE
• To open a new tab, do one of the following:
• Press Ctrl/Cmd-T.
• To the right of the tabs, click New Tab .
RESULT
A new tab opens that shows several icons at the top and a list of layouts at the bottom.
AFTER COMPLETING THIS TASK
You can click one of the icons or select a layout from the list at the bottom. Alternatively, you
can click Select Layout on the toolbar and choose one of the layouts from the pop-up menu.
The layout that you choose opens in the active tab.
Opening a New Window
You can open another window for the same project.First Steps
Starting a New Project 
18
This may be useful if you want to see and work on multiple layouts at the same time. You can
also open multiple project windows to show different modes of the same project.
PROCEDURE
• Do one of the following:
• Press Ctrl/Cmd-Shift-T.
• Select Window > New Window.
RESULT
A duplicate of the window opens. It contains the same tabs and the same view options as the
original window.
RELATED LINKS
Opening Multiple Project Windows on page 47
Starting a New Project
After getting a first impression of the Dorico user interface you may want to get started with
inputting your own music. In this section, you learn how to set up a new project.
PREREQUISITE
NOTE
All inputs that are made and the images that are used to accompany the steps in this chapter
are intended merely to be helpful examples. Therefore, there is no need to make the exact
same entries in order to get the depicted results.
Close the template without saving. The Hub reopens.
PROCEDURE
• Do one of the following:
• Select New Empty Project.
• Press Ctrl/Cmd-N
RESULT
A new project window opens.First Steps
Starting a New Project 
19
Whenever you start a new project without selecting a specific project template, Setup mode
is activated. This allows you to specify players and assign instruments right from the start.
The area in the middle, the project start area, which becomes the music area once you have
added a player, allows you to start your project with different types of players. On the right,
the Layouts panel shows a Full score entry. This entry is available in every new project. At
the bottom of the window is the Flows panel where you can specify separate spans of music
for your project.
AFTER COMPLETING THIS TASK
Start your project by adding an individual player or by adding a section player and assign
an instrument. You are free to assign any kind of instrument. In this chapter, only one piano
player is added as an example.
RELATED LINKS
Windows on page 34
Flows on page 29
Adding a Solo Player
In this section, you learn how to add a player and assign an instrument.
PREREQUISITE
You have started a new project. You are in Setup mode.
PROCEDURE
1. Click Add Solo Player.
This adds an empty-handed player on the Players panel.First Steps
Starting a New Project 
20
2. In the popover, select an instrument.
NOTE
For this example, select the piano player.
TIP
• You can use the search field of the popover and start entering the name of the
instrument. The list automatically filters the names while you type.

You can also open the popover by clicking the plus symbol to the right of the
added empty-handed player. Alternatively, you can right-click the player and
select Add Instrument to Player.
3. Click Add.
RESULT
You have added your first player. In the music area, the required piano staves including their
respective clefs are displayed.
AFTER COMPLETING THIS TASK
Save your project.
NOTE
You can save your project at any time.
Optionally, you can now edit the project title or add more players.
The following sections help you to create flows and layouts. If you want to start composing,
you can skip those sections.
RELATED LINKS
Writing Music on page 21
Adding Solo Players on page 59
Creating a Flow
Flows are separate spans of music within your project, for example, movements or songs. In
this section, you learn how to create a flow.
PREREQUISITE
You have added at least one player. You are in Setup mode.
Every project contains at least one flow, and by default, every layout includes the music from
every flow in your project. If you create a new flow in Dorico, the following happens:
PROCEDURE
• On the Flows panel, click Add Flow .
RESULT
All existing players are assigned to the new flow. The new flow is automatically added to all
existing full score and part layouts.First Steps
Writing Music 
21
AFTER COMPLETING THIS TASK
Rename the flow if required. Optionally, on the Players panel, deactivate the checkboxes
of the players that you want to exclude from the flow. Optionally, on the Layouts panel,
deactivate the checkboxes of the layouts from which you want to exclude the flow.
RELATED LINKS
Renaming Flows on page 68
Creating Flows on page 68
Creating a Layout on page 21
Creating a Layout
Layouts define how music for one or more players in one or more flows is presented,
including page size, margins, staff size, etc. In this section, you learn how to create a new
layout.
PREREQUISITE
You have added at least one player and one flow. You are in Setup mode.
Several layouts are often used in ensembles with multiple players, where each player may
require a layout of the individual instrumental part. Dorico automatically creates a full score
layout that contains all players and all flows as well as individual part layouts that each
contain one player and all flows. If you require a different combination of players and flows,
for example, a part containing the music for two players, you can create your own layouts, as
follows:
PROCEDURE
• On the Layouts panel, click Add Instrumental Part Layout .
RESULT
An empty part is created on the Layouts panel.
AFTER COMPLETING THIS TASK
Double-click the empty part to give it a name. Optionally, on the Flows panel, select the flows
that you want to assign to the layout. On the Players panel, activate the checkboxes of the
players that you want to assign to the layout.
RELATED LINKS
Creating Layouts on page 70
Writing Music
Once you have set up your project, you can start writing music.
In Write mode, you can input notes and insert other notations into your score.
TIP
Throughout Dorico, most tasks can be accomplished using only your computer`s keyboard.
You do not need to use the mouse or touchpad. Learning key commands allows you to use
Dorico most efficiently. The fastest way to input music is using a MIDI keyboard. If you do notFirst Steps
Writing Music 
22
have a MIDI keyboard, you can use your computer`s keyboard. Of course, you can still use the
mouse or touchpad if you want.
In the following sections, you learn how to input notes and notation items.
Inputting Your First Notes
In this section, you learn how to input notes. You can start inputting notes without having to
first add a time signature or key signature.
PREREQUISITE
• You have set up your MIDI keyboard.
NOTE
If you have not set up a MIDI keyboard yet, you can start inputting notes with the
computer keyboard.
• You have added a piano player in Setup mode.
• Write mode is active.
PROCEDURE
1. Select the rest that was automatically inserted next to the clef when you added a solo
player.
2. Do one of the following:
• Press Shift-N or Return to activate note input.
• Double-click the rest.
The caret is displayed.
3. Select one of the durations on the notes panel.
NOTE
By default, Dorico selects a quarter note for you.First Steps
Writing Music 
23
4. Start playing notes on the MIDI keyboard, or press the keys A, B, C, D, E, F, G on the
computer keyboard to input the corresponding pitches.
If you want higher or lower pitch for the note that Dorico inputs for you, you can force
the octave above by pressing the respective key command.
RESULT
The following is an example of input notes:
RELATED LINKS
Key Commands in Dorico on page 7
Adding a Time Signature
In this section, you learn how to add a time signature at the beginning of the staff. You can
add a time signature before or after inputting a melody.
PREREQUISITE
Press Esc to deactivate the caret.
PROCEDURE
1. Select the first note on the staff.
2. Press Shift-M.
This opens a small popover on top of the staff.
3. Enter a typical time signature, such as 3/4.
4. Press Enter.First Steps
Writing Music 
24
RESULT
The time signature is automatically inserted to the left of the note, and the required bar
lines are automatically inserted at the correct positions. If you want to insert a key signature,
proceed to the next section.
Adding a Key Signature
In this section, you learn how to add a key signature. You can add a key signature at any
rhythmic position on the staff.
When you start a new project from scratch, by default, there is no key signature shown.
Dependent on the kind of music you are writing, the key signature might be taken to mean C
major or an open key with no specific tonal center. In any case, you can change key anywhere
on the staff. To add a different key signature at the beginning of the staff, for example, D
major, proceed as follows:
PROCEDURE
1. Select the first note on the staff.
2. Press Shift-K.
This opens a small popover on top of the staff.
3. Enter a key signature. If you want to enter D major, enter an uppercase D.
For D minor, enter a lowercase d.
4. Press Enter.
RESULT
The key signature is inserted between the clef and the time signature. Dorico automatically
adds accidentals where necessary.First Steps
Writing Music 
25
Inputting Your First Chord
In this section, you learn how to input a chord with the computer keyboard, using chord
mode. If you want to use a MIDI keyboard instead, you can input the chord with your
keyboard, and you do not need to use chord mode. Dorico automatically inputs the correct
notes for you.
PREREQUISITE
Select the last note or rest on the staff, and press Return. This shows the caret.
PROCEDURE
1. Do one of the following:
• Press Q.
• In the notes toolbox, activate Chords .
The caret now shows a plus sign at the top:
2. Optional: Select one of the durations on the notes panel.
3. Input the notes that should form a chord by pressing keys from A to G, one after the
other. For example, for a C major chord, press C, E, and G.
By default, Dorico adds each new note above the previous note. You can change the
octave by pressing the respective key command.
The following example shows a possible result:
4. Press Space to advance the caret to the next note position and continue with the next
chord.
Dorico expects further chord input until you deactivate it.
5. Optional: To deactivate chord input, press Q or deactivate Chords.
RELATED LINKS
Key Commands in Dorico on page 7Dorico Concepts
26
The following sections give you an overview of the design philosophy as well as concepts on
which Dorico is based.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with these concepts as these are often returned
to throughout the documentation.
Design Philosophy
If you are experienced with other scoring applications and are interested in learning
more about deep design considerations for scoring programs, you may find the following
discussion illuminating, but everybody can safely skip it.
Dorico has a forward-thinking design that is led by musical concepts rather than
computational convenience, and this provides many benefits.
Higher-Level Concepts
In most graphically-orientated scoring applications, the highest-level concept is the staff or
the instrument definition that creates a staff or staves. When setting up your full score, you
start by adding the correct number of staves, and you are immediately forced into making
decisions about the layout. This means that you must know in advance whether two flutes
share a staff or have their own individual staves, or whether there should be two trumpets or
three. Many of these decisions have significant effects throughout the process of inputting,
editing, and producing individual instrumental parts.
Typically, every system of a score must contain the same number of staves, even if some are
hidden on particular systems. This requires the user to manage common conventions for
themselves, such as multiple players of the same instrument sharing staves. This can be
time-consuming and is naturally error-prone.
Dorico is designed to conform more closely to how music is performed in the real world
and to make the score a flexible expression of the practical choices that go into a musical
performance, rather than to make the musical performance subservient to the way the score
was initially prepared.
To that end, the highest-level concept of Dorico is the group of human musicians that
performs a score. A score can be written for one or more groups, for example, a double
choir or an orchestra plus off-stage chamber ensemble, etc. Each group includes one or
more players which correspond to the humans who play one or more instruments. Players
may either be individuals who can play more than one instrument, for example, an oboist
doubling cor anglais, or groups in which everyone plays only one instrument, for example,
eight desks of violinists.Dorico Concepts
Key Musical Concepts 
27
The actual music that is played by the group in your score belongs to one or more flows. A
flow is any span of music that stands alone, for example, a whole song, a movement of a
sonata or symphony, a number in a musical show, or even a short scale or exercise. Players
may or may not have any music to play in a given flow. For example, all the brass players may
be omitted from the slow movement of a classical symphony, or certain players may have
nothing to do in some cues in a movie score. This is no problem as you can combine players
in flows in any combination.
Dorico provides several benefits. Chief among them is its ability to produce different score
layouts that share the same musical content. For example, you can create a conductor`s
score with as many instruments as possible condensed onto a smaller number of staves, a
full score with each player`s music on separate staves, and an instrumental part containing
only the music belonging to a specific player.
One crucial difference between Dorico and other scoring applications is that the musical
content exists independently of the score layout in which it is viewed.
Key Musical Concepts
In order to work efficiently with Dorico, it is important to understand the conceptual model of
the program.
The model is closely based on the practical considerations of how music is written and
performed by real humans.
Projects
A project is an individual document that you create within Dorico.
A project may contain many separate pieces of music, from very short to very long, written
for any combination of instruments and in different layouts.
Modes
Modes represent different phases in the workflow of preparing a score.
In the project window, the following modes are available:
Setup
In this mode, you can set up the players and instruments that are played in the
project. You can create and manage flows and set up layouts.
Write
In this mode, you can write your music. You can insert notes and rests, key
signatures, time signatures, and idiomatic notations.
Engrave
In this mode, you have access to fine-grain controls that allow you to manipulate
and modify every item in the project. You can also manage pages, master pages,
layouts, and formats.
Play
In this mode, you can set up your project for playback. You can assign VST
instruments, adjust the mix, apply automation, and optimize note data.Dorico Concepts
Key Musical Concepts 
28
Print
In this mode, you can define different print jobs, such as printing full conductors
scores, study scores, individual parts, etc. For every print job, you can specify
options for page size and duplex printing. You can also manage other output,
such as exports to various file types, such as PNG.
Instruments
In Dorico, an instrument is an individual musical instrument, such as a piano, a flute, or a
violin.
Dorico has a database of information about properties of each instrument. These include
the playable range, common and uncommon playing techniques, notational conventions,
transposition properties, tunings, clef, number of staves, type of staff, etc. You can edit and
extend these properties according to your needs.
NOTE
Similar instruments, such as guitars with different tunings, horns in different transpositions,
or the instruments in the strings family can share common properties. This enables you to
edit the data for many instruments at the same time.
RELATED LINKS
Instruments on page 63
Players
In Dorico, a player can be an individual musician or several musicians.
In detail, a player may represent the following:
• A solo player, which is an individual musician who can play one or more instruments,
for example, a clarinettist who doubles on alto saxophone or a percussionist who plays
bass drum, clash cymbals, and triangle.
• A section player, which represents multiple musicians who all play the same
instrument, for example, eight desks of violins or the soprano section in a mixed voice
choir.
NOTE
Section players cannot double on different instruments, but they can play divisi. This means
that they can be divided into smaller units, which is commonly required for strings.
Groups
A group represents a collection of musicians that should be considered together, such as a
choir, orchestra, or a chamber ensemble.
In a typical project, there may be only one group that contains all of the defined players,
but in order to allow easy separation of forces in larger-scale works, you can define as
many groups as needed. It may also be necessary to assign players to these groups for
the purposes of, among other things, properly bracketing and labeling their staves in the
conductor`s score.Dorico Concepts
Key Musical Concepts 
29
EXAMPLE
A work for double choir and organ can define the two choirs as separate groups. This allows
each choir to have its own label in addition to the labels for each sectional player (soprano,
alto, tenor, bass) within the choir.
In a complex work, such as Elliott Carter`s “A Symphony of Three Orchestras”, each of the
orchestras can be defined as a separate group.
Flows
Flows are separate spans of music that are completely independent in musical content.
A flow can be, for example, a song, a movement in a sonata or symphony, a number in a
stage musical, or a short scale or sight-reading exercise of only a few bars in length. A single
project can contain one or more flows.
A flow may contain music for any combination of players. For example, in a Classical-
period symphony, it is not uncommon for the brass players to be tacet in the second, slow
movement, so the flow for the second movement would simply not contain any brass players.
In a set of cues for a movie, for example, specific players may not be required in particular
cues, and so each flow would contain only those players who have anything to play.
NOTE
Correct assignment of players to flows allows Dorico, for example, to generate tacet sheets
automatically for individual instrumental parts.
Layouts
Layouts define how music for one or more players in one or more flows is presented,
including page size, margins, staff size, etc.
Layouts combine musical content that is represented by flows with rules for page layout
and music engraving. You can have layouts for one or more players drawn from one or more
flows. You can use the layouts to produce paginated music notation that can be printed or
exported in various formats.
A typical project for an ensemble of multiple players will contain several layouts. For
example, a work for string quartet in three movements contains four solo players – two
violins, one viola, and one cello – and three flows, one for each movement. Such a project
may require five layouts:
• Four layouts each containing the music from all three flows for one of the solo players,
that is, the individual instrumental parts
• One layout containing the music from all three flows and all four players, that is, the
full score
Each layout provides independent control over practically every aspect of the visual
appearance of the music, including independent staff size, note spacing, and system
formatting.
Each layout may also have independent page layout properties, such as page size, margins,
running headers, and footers. These can be defined as master pages and then be applied
freely to left- or right-hand pages or to specific pages in a layout, for example, the first orDorico Concepts
Key Musical Concepts 
30
last page. Flow frames define where music appears on each page. To each flow frame, one
or more flows is assigned in a manner analogous to how flows of text are assigned to text
frames in desktop publishing applications. Dorico also provides for text frames, which allow
the presentation of blocks of text, such as prefatory material, critical commentary, block
lyrics, and so on.
NOTE
The page layout features of Dorico allow you to have multiple flow frames and text frames on
the same page. This enables you to combine music from multiple flows on the same page.User Interface
31
The user interface of Dorico is designed to be as unobtrusive as possible while keeping all of
the important tools at your fingertips.
You can explore the interface without doing any damage to your project. You can always undo
any inadvertent edits or close your project without saving it.
Hub
When you start Dorico, the Hub opens. The Hub keeps you up-to-date with the latest
information and assists you with organizing your projects. It consists of the News section and
the Projects section.
News
Displays Steinberg news.
Read More
Links you to a page on the Steinberg website with more detailed information
about the news and tutorials topic that you selected.
User Forum
Links you to the user forum on the Steinberg website.
Downloads
Links you to the download page on the Steinberg website.User Interface
Hub 
32
Knowledge Base
Links you to the Knowledge Base on the Steinberg website.
Recent Projects
Shows a list of the projects that you worked on last. You can scroll through the
list with the Up Arrow/Down Arrow keys or with the mouse.
Orchestral, Band, Chamber, Choral and Vocal, Solo
Allow you to choose between different categories of project templates.
New Empty Project
Starts a new project.
Open Other
Allows you to open any other project file in your file system.
Open Selected Project
Opens the file that you selected in the Recent Projects list. Alternatively, you can
double-click the file name or select the file and press Enter.
Project Templates only: New from Template
Creates a new project from the project template that you selected in the list of a
project template category.
Starting New Projects
Dorico provides several ways to start new projects.
PROCEDURE
• Do one of the following:
• In the Hub, select New Empty Project.
• Press Ctrl/Cmd-N.
NOTE
This option is also available in the project window.
• Select File > New.
NOTE
This option is also available in the project window.
RESULT
A new project window opens.User Interface
Hub 
33
Starting New Projects from Project Templates
Dorico provides multiple project templates that you can use to start a new project.
PROCEDURE
1. In the Hub, select one of the project template categories:
• Orchestral
• Band
• Chamber
• Choral and Vocal
• Solo
2. From the listed project templates of the selected category, select a project template.
3. Click New from Template.
RESULT
The project template opens in a new project window.
NOTE
Alternatively, you can also select File > New from Template. Then select a project template
from the listed project template categories.
Selecting Recent Projects
You can open a project on which you recently worked.
PROCEDURE
• Do one the following:
• In the Recent Projects list, select a file name and press the Up Arrow and Down
Arrow keys to scroll through the list of file names. To open a file, press Enter.
• In the Recent Projects list, double-click a project file name.
• In the Recent Projects list, select a project file name and click Open Selected
Project.
• Click File > Open Recent and select one of the project file names.
NOTE
This option is also available in the project window.
Opening Other Files
You can open other Dorico projects that are not listed in the Recent Projects list, or you can
import MusicXML or MIDI files.
PROCEDURE
1. Click Open Other.User Interface
Windows 
34
NOTE
Alternatively, you can also select File > Open.
2. In the dialog that opens, browse for the file that you want to open.
TIP
To open several files at the same time, press Ctrl/Cmd and select the files, or press
Shift and select a range of files.
3. Click Open.
RESULT
If you import a MusicXML or a MIDI file, Dorico creates a new project file from the MusicXML
or MIDI content. You can save this file as a default Dorico project.
Windows
Dorico provides a project window and floating windows.
Project Window
You can open multiple project windows for the same or for different projects. The project
window consists of several areas.
Project window
1. Toolbar
Allows you to access the modes, the workspace options, the Mixer, and the basic
transport options.
2. Tab bar
Shows the tabs that are open in Setup, Write, and Engrave mode. If you split the music
area and open several tabs, tab groups are shown.User Interface
Windows 
35
3. Project start area/music area/event display/print preview area
When you set up a new empty project, this area in Setup, Write, and Engrave mode
shows the project start area that allows you to add your first players. Once you have
added a player or an ensemble, this area becomes the music area that shows the
score or parts of the score that you set up, write, edit, and format. In Play mode, this
area contains an event display that shows the effects of manipulating the playback of
your score. In Print mode, the print preview area shows a preview of how your project
is going to be printed onto paper or exported into a graphic file format.
4. Panel
The panels provide notes and notations that you need to create and edit your music.
5. Toolbox
Write mode only: Provides access to various notation items that you can use for your
music.
6. Status bar
Allows you to choose a different view and page arrangement of the music area.
Floating Windows
Dorico allows you to open floating windows, such as the Mixer and the Transport windows.
These can be hidden and shown independent of the mode that is selected in the main
window. The following options open floating windows:
Show Mixer
Opens the Mixer window.
Show Transport Bar
Opens the Transport window.
RELATED LINKS
Opening Multiple Project Windows on page 47
Toolbar
The toolbar allows you to access the modes and workspace options as well as the Mixer and
the transport options.
The toolbar is always available independent of the mode or tool that you are using. If you
must hide the toolbar for a specific reason, click the disclosure arrow on top of the toolbar.
The toolbar consists of the following items:
1. Modes
Selectable workspaces in the project window that represent different phases in the
workflow of preparing a score.
2. Workspace optionsUser Interface
Windows 
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Provide options that allow you to select different layouts and to change the working
environment.
3. Show Mixer button
Opens/Closes the Mixer window.
4. Basic transport options
Allow to you quickly access the main transport functions.
RELATED LINKS
Workspace Options on page 36
Basic Transport Options on page 36
Workspace Options
The workspace options in the middle of the toolbar provide options that allow you to select
different layouts and to change the working environment.
Select Layout
Allows you to switch back and forth between layouts.
Show Tabs
Shows/Hides the tab bar above the music area.
Hide/Restore Panels
Shows/Hides all open panels.
Basic Transport Options
The transport options to the right of the toolbar provide the main transport functions of
Dorico.
Show Transport Bar
Opens the Transport window.
Time display
Shows the position of the playhead in the score. The time display shows the units
in the following order: bars, beats, 16th notes, 120ths of a 16th note.
Rewind to Beginning
Sets the playhead to the beginning of your score.
PlayUser Interface
Windows 
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Starts/Stops playback.
Activate Project
Shows which project is activated for playback.
Tab Bar
The tab bar in Dorico allows you to display different layouts within the same project window.
Each tab may contain a separate layout, or an additional view of a layout that is already open
in another tab or window. Each tab is labeled with the name of the selected layout.
You find the tabs aligned on the tab bar at the top of the music area, directly below the
toolbar. If the tabs are not visible, click Show Tabs on the toolbar. If Show Tabs is activated,
the tabs are always displayed, even if only a single tab is open.
Project Start Area
In Setup, Write, and Engrave mode, the project start area is displayed in the middle of the
project window when you set up a new empty project.
The project start area shows cards that allow you to add your first players. To add players,
click one of the cards:
Add Solo Player
Adds an individual player to whom you can assign one or more instruments.
Add Section Player
Adds a player that represents multiple players who all play the same instrument.
Add Ensemble
Adds multiple players who play different instruments. The ensembles that you
can add represent standard combinations of musicians.User Interface
Windows 
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Music Area
In Setup, Write, and Engrave mode, the music area shows the editable score.
Music area showing a sample of a score
The music area can be displayed in several views. The music area tab bar allows you to open
several layouts from your project and switch between them. The scroll bars to the right and
to the bottom of the music area allow you to scroll within the layout.User Interface
Windows 
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Print Preview Area
The print preview area in Print mode shows a preview of what is going to be printed or
exported as a graphic.
Print preview area displaying a score as a booklet
In the print preview area, you can scroll through the pages that are shown, but you cannot
edit your layouts. If you want to make changes, you must switch to Setup, Write, or Engrave
mode.
If you select multiple layouts to be printed as part of the same print job, the print preview
area only displays the first layout. If you want to show the expected page arrangement for
each layout in the print preview, you must check each layout individually before you start
printing.
RELATED LINKS
Project Window in Print Mode on page 154User Interface
Windows 
40
Panels
The panels in the project window provide the notes, notations, and functions that you need to
set up, write, edit, and format your music.
Notes panel (left), notations panel (right), and properties panel (bottom) in Write mode.
Every mode in Dorico has its own particular panels.
Modes and their panels
Mode Left Panel Right Panel Bottom Panel
Setup Players Layouts Flows
Write Notes Notations Properties
Engrave Formatting Pages Properties
Play Tracks VST Instruments n/a
Print Layouts Print options n/a
Some panels are displayed by default. You can hide and show each panel individually or all of
them at the same time. For a full description of each panel, refer to the documentation of the
individual modes.
RELATED LINKS
Modes on page 27
Hiding Panels on page 48
Hiding Individual Panels on page 48User Interface
Windows 
41
Toolboxes
Toolboxes are available in Write mode. They provide the tools that allow you to input and
modify notes and notation items and to determine what notation items are shown in the
notations panel.
RELATED LINKS
Notes Toolbox on page 75
Notations Toolbox on page 78
Status Bar
The status bar at the bottom of the project window allows you to choose a different view and
page arrangement in the music area.
NOTE
The status bar is only available in Setup, Write, and Engrave modes. Not all options are
available in all modes.
Status bar in Write and Setup mode
1. Rhythmic Grid Resolution selector
Allows you to change the resolution of the rhythmic grid, which is used for inserting
notes and notations in Write mode.
2. Disclosure arrow
Allows you to show/hide the bottom panel in Setup, Write, and Engrave mode.
3. Selection tools
Allow you to switch between using the Marquee Tool and the Hand Tool in Write, and
Engrave mode.
4. View type selector
Allows you to select one of the provided view types for the music area in Setup and
Write mode.
5. Page arrangement options
Allow you to choose between different horizontal and vertical arrangements of either
individual pages or pairs of pages, which are called spreads.
6. Zoom options
Allow you to change the zoom factor of the music area and its musical contents.
RELATED LINKS
Rhythmic Grid on page 83
View Types on page 43
Selection Tools on page 42
Page Arrangements for Page View on page 43
Zoom Options on page 44User Interface
Windows 
42
Selection Tools
Dorico allows you to choose a selection tool that you can use to select or move items within
the music area.
Pressing Shift in combination with the chosen selection tool allows you to instantly use the
other tool.
You can use the following tools:
Marquee Tool
Allows you to click and drag a rectangle to select multiple notes and notations.
Hand Tool
Allows you to click and move the view within the music area.
RELATED LINKS
Selecting Multiple Notes and Notations on page 42
Moving the View on page 42
Selecting Multiple Notes and Notations
You can select notes and notations using the Marquee Tool.
PROCEDURE
1.
In the status bar, activate Marquee Tool .
2. In the music area, click at the position where you want the selection to start and keep
the mouse button pressed.
3. Drag to the position where you want the selection to end.
A rectangle is shown to indicate which notes and notations will be selected.
4. Release the mouse button.
RESULT
All notes and notations that you marked are selected.
Moving the View
You can move the view within the music area in Write mode and in Engrave mode.
PROCEDURE
1. On the status bar, activate Hand Tool .
2. Click anywhere within the view and keep the mouse button pressed.
Once you move the mouse pointer, it changes into a hand symbol.
3. Move the view.
4. Release the mouse button.User Interface
Windows 
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View Types
Dorico provides different ways to view your layouts.
Dorico saves your chosen view type for each layout, so you only need to set it once. You can
change the default view types for new projects in the preferences.
The following view types are available:
Galley View
Lays out your music on a single continuous system. It also shows all of the
instruments that are included in the active layout and flow.
This view type is most useful during the process of inputting the music as it
allows you to focus on the musical content of your project.
NOTE
Note spacing in galley view is unjustified, which means that it is neither expanded
nor contracted to fit the width of a page or a music frame. However, changes that
are made to note spacing in galley view also apply to page view.
Page View
Displays your layout paginated exactly as it will appear when you print or export
it.
This view type is useful if you want to view spreads or single pages. Spreads allow
you to work out page turns, because the performer only needs to turn the page
at the end of the right-hand page of a pair. Viewing single pages may be helpful if
the layout will be printed out as a series of single pages. This may be necessary
if you are using, for example, a fan-fold or concertina approach, in which case the
distinction between left- and right-hand pages is insignificant.
RELATED LINKS
Preferences on page 49
Changing the View Type of the Music Area on page 49
Page Arrangements for Page View on page 43
Page Arrangements for Page View
You can change the way pages are arranged for display in the music area.
Spreads Horizontally
Displays pages in pairs as two-page spreads, with each pair laid out from left to
right in a row.
Spreads Vertically
Displays pages in pairs as two-page spreads, with each pair laid out from top to
bottom in a column.
Single Pages HorizontallyUser Interface
Setting up Your Workspace 
44
Displays individual pages laid out from left to right.
Single Pages Vertically
Displays individual pages laid out from top to bottom.
Zoom Options
You can change the size of notes and notations in the music area.
Zoom Out
Decreases the size of notes and notations in the music area.
Set Zoom
Allows you to select one of the available zoom scaling factors. You can set a
permanent zoom factor in the preferences.
Zoom In
Increases the size of notes and notations in the music area.
RELATED LINKS
Preferences on page 49
Setting up Your Workspace
Dorico enables you to set up your workspace according to your working style.
Dorico allows you to open multiple tabs to display multiple layouts in the same project within
the same window. You can also open the same project in several windows.
Opening Different Views or Layouts by Using Tabs
You can use tabs in order to display different views or layouts within the same project
window.
Each tab can contain a separate layout or an additional view of a layout that is already open
in another tab or window. Whenever you open a new tab, you are prompted to select a layout
that you want to display in the tab.
You can find the tabs at the top of the music area, below the toolbar. If you do not see the
tabs, click Show Tabs in the toolbar.
PROCEDURE
1. Do one of the following:
• Press Ctrl/Cmd-T.
• To the right of the tabs, click New Tab .
• Select Window > New Tab.
A new tab opens that shows several icons at the top and a list of layouts at the bottom.User Interface
Setting up Your Workspace 
45
2. Do one of the following:
• Click one of the icons.
• Select a layout from the list at the bottom.
• Click Select Layout on the toolbar and choose one of the layouts from the pop-
up menu.
RESULT
The layout that you choose opens in the active tab.
Creating Tab Groups
You can create tab groups that are vertically or horizontally split. This allows you to display
different layouts side by side or above one another.
You can also use this function to see an individual layout with a different view.
PROCEDURE
• Select the tab of the layout that you want to move to a new tab group.
• To create a new tab group that is vertically split from the original tab group and
that shows the layouts side by side, select Window > Vertical Split.
• To create a new tab group that is horizontally split from the original tab group
and that shows the layouts above one another, select Window > Horizontal Split.
RESULT
The selected tab is moved to the new tab group.
RELATED LINKS
Moving Tabs to Another Tab Group on page 47User Interface
Setting up Your Workspace 
46
Closing Individual Tabs
You can close individual tabs of layouts that you no longer need.
PROCEDURE
• To close individual tabs, do one of the following:
• Select the tab of the layout that you want to close and press Ctrl/Cmd-W.
• Hover the mouse over the tab and click the x icon.
• Right-click the tab and from the context menu, select Close Tab.
NOTE
You cannot close the last tab in a window. If only one tab is open and you no longer
want to see the tabs, deactivate Show Tabs in the main toolbar. The tab is no longer
displayed, but the corresponding layout is still shown.
Closing Multiple Tabs
You can close all tabs but the selected tab.
PROCEDURE
1. Right-click a tab.
2. From the context menu, select Close Other Tabs.
RESULT
The tabs and the corresponding layouts are closed.
Switching Tabs
You can switch between different tabs to show different layouts in the music area.
PROCEDURE
• To switch tabs, do one of the following:
• Click the tab to which you want to switch.
• Press Ctrl/Cmd-Tab to cycle through all open tabs in turn. Press Ctrl/
Cmd-Shift-Tab to cycle through all open tabs in reverse order.
• Select Window > Next Tab/Previous Tab.
Changing the Order of Tabs
You can move tabs to a different position on the tab bar.
PROCEDURE
1. Click and drag a tab to the new position.
The other tabs move to show where the dragged tab will be positioned.
2. Release the mouse button.User Interface
Setting up Your Workspace 
47
Moving Tabs to Another Tab Group
You can move tabs to other tab groups.
NOTE
You can only move tabs to other tab groups if you have opened at least two tabs.
PROCEDURE
1. Choose the tab that you want to move.
2. Click and drag the tab to a blank space next to the target tab group and release the
mouse button.
Moving Tabs to Other Windows
You can move tabs to another open window of the same project to show the corresponding
layouts in a new window.
NOTE
• The layouts must belong to the same project. If you att

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