Steinberg2 – Dorico Pro 2 – User Manual

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Operation ManualCristina Bachmann, Heiko Bischoff, Lillie Harris, Christina Kaboth, Insa Mingers, Matthias Obrecht, Sabine Pfeifer,
Benjamin Schütte, Marita Sladek
This PDF provides improved access for vision-impaired users. Please note that due to the complexity and number
of images in this document, it is not possible to include text descriptions of images.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on
the part of Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH. The software described by this document is subject to a License
Agreement and may not be copied to other media except as specifically allowed in the License Agreement. No
part of this publication may be copied, reproduced, or otherwise transmitted or recorded, for any purpose,
without prior written permission by Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH. Registered licensees of the product
described herein may print one copy of this document for their personal use.
All product and company names are ™ or ® trademarks of their respective owners. For more information, please
© Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH, 2019.
All rights reserved.
Dorico_2.2.0_en-US_2019-01-298 Introduction
8 Platform-Independent Documentation
8 Usage of musical terms
9 Conventions
11 How you can reach us
12 First steps
12 Getting around
20 Starting a new project
23 Writing music
28 Dorico Pro concepts
28 Design philosophy
29 Key musical concepts
32 User interface
32 Hub
36 Windows
49 Setting up your workspace
55 Preferences dialog
62 Setup mode
62 Project window in Setup mode
70 Project Info dialog
71 Layout Options dialog
73 Players
81 Ensembles
82 Instruments
96 Player groups
98 Flows
101 Layouts
106 Videos
112 Write mode
112 Project window in Write mode
119 Introduction to inputting and editing
129 Notation Options dialog
131 Note input
163 Notations input
259 Arranging tools
265 Splitting flo ws
267 Engrave mode
267 Project window in Engrave mode
276 Engraving Options dialog
278 Master pages
291 Frames
311 Page layouts
323 Text formatting
336 Note spacing
347 Staff spacing
353 Play mode
353 Project window in Play mode
358 Playback Options dialog
359 Event display
367 Tracks
384 Playhead
385 Playing back music
390 Swing playback
395 Mixer
397 Transport window
399 Endpoints
403 Expression maps
411 Percussion maps
418 Played vs. notated note durations
421 Print mode
421 Project window in Print mode
425 Printing layouts
427 Exporting layouts as graphic files
430 Printers
430 Page arrangements for printing/exporting
433 Duplex printing
434 Handling page sizes and paper sizes
435 Graphics file formats
436 Annotations
437 Notation reference
438 Introduction
439 Accidentals
439 Changing accidentals
439 Deleting accidentals
440 Showing accidentals in parentheses
441 Project-wide engraving options for accidentals
441 Altered unisons
442 Microtonal accidentals
444 Accidental duration rules
451 Articulations
452 Copying articulations
452 Changing articulations
452 Deleting articulations
453 Project-wide engraving options for
453 Positions of articulations
457 Articulations in playback
458 Bars
458 Deleting bars
460 Changes to the length of bars
460 Changing the width of empty bars
461 Splits in bars
462 Combining bars
463 Barlines
465 Deleting barlines
465 Barline spacing
Table of Contents
3467 Changing the barline shown at key signature
467 Barlines across staff groups
468 Project-wide engraving options for barlines
469 Per-flo w notation options for barlines
471 Bar numbers
471 Appearance of bar numbers
478 Bar numbers in parts
479 Hiding/Showing bar number ranges on multi-
bar rests
479 Positions of bar numbers
483 Bar number changes
485 Subordinate bar numbers
487 Bar numbers and repeats
491 Beaming
491 Beaming notes together manually
492 Changing the direction of partial beams
493 Beam groups
495 Beam placement relative to the staff
496 Beam slants
497 Centered beams
499 Creating cross-staff beams
502 Beam corners
502 Secondary beams
503 Tuplets within beams
504 Stemlets
505 Fanned beams
507 Note and rest grouping
507 Conventions for beam grouping according to
508 Creating custom beat groupings for meters
509 Brackets and braces
510 Brackets according to ensemble type
511 Project-wide engraving options for brackets
and braces
512 Secondary brackets
514 Chord symbols
514 Chord components
514 Project-wide engraving options for chord
515 Chord symbol appearance presets
523 Changing existing chord symbols
524 Transposing chord symbols
524 Hiding/Showing chord symbols
525 Hiding/Showing the root and quality of chord
525 Positions of chord symbols
528 Changing the enharmonic spelling of chord
529 Chord symbols imported from MusicXML
530 Clefs
531 General placement conventions for clefs
531 Project-wide spacing gaps for clefs
533 Deleting clefs
534 Default size of clef changes
534 Changing the position of clefs relative to grace
534 Transposing clefs
536 Octave lines
537 Project-wide engraving options for octave lines
537 Lengthening/Shortening octave lines
538 Positions of octave lines
541 Deleting octave lines
542 Octave lines in Engrave mode
543 Tucking index properties
545 Cues
545 General placement and notation conventions
for cues
546 Rhythmic cues
548 Changing the octave of cues
549 Hiding/Showing octave transpositions in cue
549 Moving cues
550 Lengthening/Shortening cues
551 Deleting cues
551 Project-wide engraving options for cues
552 Individual changes to the content of cues
552 Cue labels
555 Notations in cues
557 Hiding/Showing cues in layouts
558 Stem direction in cues
559 Ties in cues
559 Rests in cues
561 Clef changes in cues
562 Viewing options for cues
564 Dynamics
564 Types of dynamics
565 General placement conventions for dynamics
566 Project-wide engraving options for dynamics
567 Showing dynamics in parentheses
567 Erasing the background of dynamics
568 Copying dynamics
569 Deleting dynamics
569 V oice-specific dynamics
570 Niente hairpins
571 Expressive text
572 Gradual dynamics
579 Placement of dynamics
580 Positions of dynamics
583 Groups of dynamics
585 Dynamics linked across multiple staves
586 Dynamics font styles
588 Playback Options for dynamics
590 Fingering
590 General placement conventions for fingering
590 Project-wide engraving options for fingerings
591 Changing fingerings to substitution fingerings
592 Changing existing fingerings
592 Moving fingerings graphically
595 Changing the size of fingerings
595 Showing enclosures/underlines on fingerings
596 Hiding/Showing fingering
596 Deleting fingerings
597 Fingering font styles
599 Cautionary fingerings
600 Fingerings for valved brass instruments
601 Hiding/Showing fingering shifts for string
602 Fingerings imported from MusicXML files
603 Front matter
604 Project information used in default master
604 Adding dedications in master pages
Table of Contents

4605 Adding player lists
606 Changing the text in running headers in
master pages
607 Individual changes to the formatting of pages
607 Changing the default horizontal alignment of
different text styles project-wide
608 Changing the vertical alignment of text in text
609 Grace notes
610 General placement conventions for grace
611 Project-wide changes to the position of grace
612 Grace note size
612 Grace note slashes
614 Grace note stems
615 Grace note beams
616 Holds and pauses
616 Types of holds and pauses
618 General placement conventions for holds and
619 Project-wide engraving options for holds and
620 Changing the appearance/duration of existing
holds and pauses
621 Positions of holds and pauses
625 Key signatures
625 General placement conventions for key
627 Types of key signatures
628 Tonality systems
637 Deleting key signatures
638 Multiple simultaneous key signatures
638 Positions of key signatures
641 Project-wide engraving options for key
641 Transposing key signatures alongside
642 Enharmonic equivalent key signatures
643 Cautionary key signatures
644 Lyrics
644 General placement conventions for lyrics
645 Filters for lyrics
646 Types of lyrics
647 Types of syllables in lyrics
648 Changing the text of existing lyrics
649 Positions of lyrics
652 Lyric hyphens and lyric extender lines
655 Deleting lyric lines
655 Lyric line numbers
659 Changing the font styles used for lyrics
660 Verse numbers
661 East Asian elision slurs
662 Project-wide engraving options for lyrics
663 Notes
663 Project-wide engraving options for notes
665 Notehead sets
678 Changing the size of notes
679 Moving notes rhythmically
680 Changing the width of ledger lines
680 Changing the consolidation of rhythm dots
681 Specifying on which string individual notes are
682 Deleting notes
683 Ornaments
683 General placement conventions for ornaments
684 Project-wide engraving options for ornaments
684 Changing the intervals of ornaments
686 Changing the speed of trills
686 Lengthening/Shortening trills rhythmically
687 Hiding/Showing trill extension lines
688 Positions of ornaments
691 Arpeggio signs
692 General placement conventions for arpeggio
692 Changing the type of arpeggio signs
693 Changing the end appearance of arpeggio
693 Length of arpeggio signs
695 Positions of arpeggio signs
697 Project-wide engraving options for arpeggio
697 Arpeggios in playback
700 Glissando lines
700 General placement conventions for glissando
701 Glissando lines across empty bars
701 Changing the style of glissando lines
702 Changing glissando line text
703 Moving glissando lines graphically
704 Changing the default angles of glissando lines
705 Project-wide engraving options for glissando
706 Jazz articulations
707 Jazz ornaments
708 Project-wide engraving options for jazz
708 Moving jazz articulations graphically
710 Changing the type/length of existing jazz
710 Changing the line style of smooth jazz
711 Deleting jazz articulations
712 Page numbers
713 Moving page numbers in master pages
713 Page number paragraph styles
714 Changing the page number numeral style
715 Hiding/Showing page numbers
718 Pedal lines
719 General placement conventions for pedal lines
719 Sustain pedal retakes and pedal level changes
726 Positions of pedal lines
729 Lengthening/Shortening pedal lines
730 Project-wide engraving options for pedal lines
730 Pedal line start signs, hooks, and continuation
735 Pedal line start, continuation, and restorative
737 Pedal lines in playback
737 Pedal lines imported from MusicXML files
Table of Contents

5738 Playing techniques
738 General placement conventions for playing
739 Project-wide engraving options for playing
739 Positions of playing techniques
741 Adding text to playing techniques
742 Erasing the background of text playing
743 Hiding/Showing playing techniques
744 Custom playing techniques
752 Playing techniques in playback
753 Rehearsal marks
753 General placement conventions for rehearsal
754 Positions of rehearsal marks
756 Deleting rehearsal marks
756 Changing the order of rehearsal marks
757 Changing the rehearsal mark sequence type
758 Adding pr efix es/suffix es to rehearsal marks
758 Project-wide engraving options for rehearsal
761 Changing the rehearsal mark font style
762 Markers
762 Project-wide engraving options for markers
763 Changing the vertical position of markers
764 Changing the text shown in markers
764 Changing the marker/timecode font styles
765 Moving markers rhythmically
766 Changing the timecodes of markers
766 Defining markers as important
767 Hiding/Showing markers
767 Deleting markers
768 Timecodes
769 Changing the initial timecode value
769 Showing timecodes on a separate staff
770 Hiding/Showing timecodes in markers
771 Changing the timecode frequency
772 Repeat endings
772 Changing the total number of playthroughs in
repeat endings
773 Project-wide engraving options for repeat
774 Lengthening/Shortening segments in repeat
775 Positions of repeat endings
777 Deleting repeat endings
777 Changing the text shown in repeat endings
778 Changing the appearance of individual final
repeat ending segments
779 Lengthening/Shortening repeat ending hooks
779 Repeat endings in MusicXML files
780 Bar repeats
781 Project-wide engraving options for bar repeats
781 Changing the length of the repeated phrase in
bar repeat regions
782 Moving bar repeat regions
782 Lengthening/Shortening bar repeat regions
783 Hiding/Showing bar repeat region highlights
783 Bar repeat counts
787 Bar repeat grouping
790 Rhythm slashes
790 Slash regions
791 Project-wide engraving options for rhythm
792 Slashes in multiple-voice contexts
794 Splitting slash regions
795 Moving slash regions
795 Lengthening/Shortening slash regions
796 Hiding/Showing stems in slash regions
796 Slash region counts
801 Rests
801 General placement conventions for rests
802 Implicit vs. explicit rests
804 Per-flo w notation options for rests
804 Project-wide engraving options for rests
805 Showing rest colors
806 Deleting rests
807 Hiding/Showing bar rests in empty bars
807 Hiding/Showing multi-bar rests
808 Moving rests vertically
810 Slurs
811 General placement conventions for slurs
815 Project-wide engraving options for slurs
815 Cross-staff and cross-voice slurs
816 Nested slurs
818 Moving slurs rhythmically
818 Lengthening/Shortening slurs
819 Linked slurs across multiple staves
820 Slur segments
822 Slurs in Engrave mode
826 Short slurs that cover large pitch ranges
827 Slur height
829 Slur shoulder offset
830 Slur curvature direction
832 Slur styles
834 Slur collision avoidance
835 Slurs over system and frame breaks
835 Slurs in playback
837 Staff labels
838 Instrument names in staff labels
839 Staff label paragraph styles
839 Project-wide engraving options for staff labels
841 Changing the length of staff labels project-
843 Changing the length of staff labels at specific
844 Instrument transpositions in staff labels
846 Staff labels for percussion kits
848 Staves
848 Project-wide layout options for staves
850 Staff size
854 Changing the thickness of staff lines
855 Deleting staves
856 Extra staves
860 Ossia staves
867 System objects
868 System indents
870 Divisi
871 Change Divisi dialog
873 Inputting divisi changes
874 Editing existing divisi changes
Table of Contents

6874 Moving divisi changes
875 Ending divisi passages
875 Unison ranges
877 Divisi on vocal staves
878 Divisi staff labels
881 Divisi in playback
882 Stems
882 Stem direction
887 Project-wide engraving options for stems
887 Stem length
888 Hiding stems
889 Split stems for altered unisons
890 Tempo marks
891 Types of tempo marks
891 General placement conventions for tempo
892 Text in tempo marks
894 Positions of tempo marks
896 Lengthening/Shortening gradual tempo
897 Hiding/Showing tempo marks
897 Deleting tempo marks
898 Project-wide engraving options for tempo
898 Tempo mark components
900 Metronome marks
902 Gradual tempo changes
906 Ties
906 General placement conventions for ties
908 Tie chains
908 Ties vs. slurs
909 Non-standard ties
912 Deleting ties
912 Splitting tie chains
913 Project-wide engraving options for ties
913 Changing the position/shape of ties
914 Tie shoulder offset
916 Tie height
917 Tie styles
920 Tie curvature direction
922 Time signatures
923 General conventions for time signatures
923 Project-wide engraving options for time
924 Project-wide spacing gaps for time signatures
924 Types of time signatures
927 Large time signatures
929 Time signature styles
933 Positions of time signatures
936 Hiding/Showing time signatures
937 Deleting time signatures
937 Time signature font styles
939 Tremolos
940 Tremolos in tie chains
941 General placement conventions for tremolos
942 Changing the speed of tremolos
942 Deleting tremolos
943 Rhythmic positions of notes with tremolos
943 Moving tremolo strokes
944 Project-wide engraving options for tremolos
945 Tremolos in playback
947 Tuplets
947 General placement conventions for tuplets
948 Nested tuplets
949 Notations on tuplet notes
949 Turning existing notes into tuplets
950 Turning tuplets into normal notes
950 Moving tuplets rhythmically
951 Deleting tuplets
952 Tuplet beams
952 Tuplet brackets
956 Tuplet numbers/ratios
958 Project-wide engraving options for tuplets
959 Unpitched percussion
959 Percussion kits vs. individual percussion
960 Percussion kits
961 Project-wide engraving options for unpitched
962 Per-flo w notation options for unpitched
962 Changing the playing techniques of notes on
percussion kit staves
963 Showing notes in percussion instruments as
ghost notes
963 Moving notes to different instruments in
percussion kits
964 Notations on notes in percussion kits
965 Percussion kit presentation types
967 Playing techniques for unpitched percussion
971 Percussion legends
975 Voices in percussion kits
977 Unpitched percussion in Play mode
978 Universal Indian Drum Notation
979 Voices
979 Note positions in multiple-voice contexts
980 Per-flo w notation options for voices
981 Showing voice colors
981 Deleting unused voices
982 Swapping the order of voices
983 Notes crossed to staves with existing notes in
other voices
984 Rhythm dot consolidation
985 Slash voices
987 Glossary
997 Index
Table of Contents

7Thank you very much for purchasing Dorico Pro.
We are delighted that you have chosen Steinberg`s scoring application and hope that you will
enjoy using it for years to come.
Dorico Pro is a next-generation application for producing beautiful sheet music, whether you are
a composer, arranger, music engraver, publisher, instrumentalist, teacher, or student. Whether
you want to print your music or share it in a digital format, Dorico Pro is the most sophisticated
program available.
Like all of Steinberg`s products, Dorico Pro has been designed from the ground up by a team of
musicians who understand your needs and who are dedicated to producing a tool that is both
easy to learn and use, but also capable of results of the highest quality. Dorico Pro also
integrates with your existing workflo w and can import and export files in a variety of formats.
Dorico Pro thinks about music the same way a human musician does and has a deeper
understanding of the elements of music and musical performance than other scoring
applications. Its unique design allows an unprecedented degree of fle xibility , in music input and
editing, in score layout, in rhythmic freedom, and many other areas besides.
Most sincerely yours,
Your Steinberg Dorico Pro Team
Platform-Independent Documentation
The documentation applies to the operating systems Windows and macOS.
Features and settings that are specific to one of these platforms are clearly indicated. In all other
cases, the descriptions and procedures in the documentation are valid for Windows and macOS.
Some points to consider:
● The screenshots are taken from Windows.
● Some functions that are available on the File menu on Windows can be found in the
program name menu on macOS.
Usage of musical terms
This documentation uses American terminology for musical items throughout the
The following table lists all the notes and notations that have different names in American and
British English:
8American Name British Name
Double whole note Breve
Whole note Semibreve
Half note Minim
Quarter note Crotchet
Eighth note Quaver
Sixteenth note Semiquaver
Thirty-second note Demisemiquaver
Sixty-fourth note Hemidemisemiquaver
Hundred twenty-eighth note Semihemidemisemiquaver
Two hundred fifty-sixth note Demisemihemidemisemiquaver
Staff Stave
This documentation only uses “bar”.
In our documentation, we use typographical and markup elements to structure information.
Typographical Elements
The following typographical elements mark the following purposes.
Requires you to complete an action or to fulfill a condition before starting a
Lists the steps that you must take to achieve a specific result.
Informs you about issues that might affect the system, the connected hardware, or
that might bring a risk of data loss.
Informs you about issues that you should consider.
Provides you with an example.
Shows the result of the procedure.
After Completing This Task
Informs you about actions or tasks that you can perform after completing the
Related Links
Lists related topics that you can find in this documentation.
Elements of the user interface are highlighted throughout the documentation.
Names of menus, options, functions, dialogs, windows, and so on, are highlighted in bold.
To open the Project Info dialog, choose File > Project Info.
If bold text is separated by a greater-than symbol, this indicates a sequence of different menus
to open.
Choose Setup > Layout Options.
File names and folder paths are shown in a different font.
Key Commands
Many of the default key commands, also known as keyboard shortcuts, use modifier keys, some
of which are different depending on the operating system.
Many of the default key commands use modifier keys, some of which are different depending on
the operating system. When key commands with modifier keys are described in this manual, they
are indicated with the Windows modifier key first, followed by the macOS modifier key and the
Ctrl/Cmd-Z means: press Ctrl on Windows or Cmd on macOS, then press Z.
Key commands in Dorico Pro
The default key commands in Dorico Pro depend on your keyboard layout.
If you move the mouse over a tool or a function, the information in brackets shows the key
command that is used to activate or deactivate a tool or a function.
You can also do one of the following:
● Choose Help > Key Commands to open the Dorico Key Commands window, which
provides an overview of all available key commands.
● Search for key commands of specific functions or menu items in the Preferences dialog. In
this dialog, you can also assign new key commands or change default key commands.
Interactive Dorico Pro key commands map on page 57
Searching for the key commands of functions on page 58
Preferences dialog on page 55
Key Commands page in the Preferences dialog on page 56
Assigning key commands on page 59
How you can reach us
On the Help menu you find items linking to additional information.
The menu contains links to various Steinberg web pages. Selecting one of these menu items
automatically launches your web browser and opens the page. On these pages, you can find
support and compatibility information, answers to frequently asked questions, information
about updates and other Steinberg products, and so on.
This requires that you have a web browser installed on your computer and a working Internet
How you can reach us
11This chapter helps you to get started with Dorico Pro.
When you start Dorico Pro for the first time, we recommend that you open one of the templates
first to have a look at the user interface and the functions that Dorico Pro provides before you
start your own projects. You are welcome to skip this part and explore the program for yourself.
The following sections inform you about the following topics:
● Overview of the most important workspaces
● Setting up a new project
● Writing your music and adding notation items to your score
● Laying out and formatting pages
● Playing back what you created
● Printing and exporting
Getting around
The following sections give you an overview of the user interface and introduce you to how
Dorico Pro is structured.
Opening a template
Before you start your own project, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the user
interface of Dorico Pro. To prepare for this, open one of the templates that are provided with the
You have started Dorico Pro. The Hub is open.
1. In the Hub, select one of the listed template groups. For example, select the Choral and
Vocal templates.
2. Select one of the listed templates.
First steps
123. Click New from Template.
The template opens.
Proceed to the following sections that provide a quick overview of the user interface and that
introduce you to the main functions of the program.
Hub on page 32
Quick tour of the user interface
The user interface of Dorico Pro consists of different modes that represent different phases in
the workflo w of preparing a score.
The user interface has a structure that is the same in each of the application’s modes. There is
always a large area for editing your music in the center of the project window. In every mode,
there are collapsible panels on the left, right, and bottom of the project window, depending on
which mode you are using. The contents of these panels change according to the selected mode.
When you open the template, the first view shows the project window in Write mode:
The project window when you open a template
The project window contains the following areas:
The toolbar is located at the top of the project window.
First steps
Getting around
On the left side of the toolbar, the modes are displayed. By activating a mode, you change the
workspace and the available panels. The active mode is highlighted in a different color. In the
middle of the toolbar, layout options allow you to switch between the different layouts in your
project and to show/hide panels and tabs.
On the right side of the toolbar, you can open a Mixer and use basic transport controls that,
among other functions, allow you to play back and record your music.
Show Mixer button
Music area
The music area is the main part of the project window in Setup, Write, and Engrave modes where
you set up, input, edit and format your music. In Play mode, this area is called event display, in
which every note is displayed as an event. In Print mode, this area is called print preview area,
which shows a preview of what is going to be printed or exported as a graphic.
The music area in Write mode after starting a new project from a choral template
The music area displays the scores or the instrumental parts that you create. Above the music
area you can activate several layouts in tabs and switch between them. Layouts in Dorico Pro
allow you to show different presentations of your music. If you have a full score with different
instrumental parts, such as a violin part and a bassoon part, you can switch between that full
score layout and the layouts of each part. To save space on the screen or to focus on a specific
layout, you can hide the tabs.
Toolboxes are the columns on the left and right edges of the project window. They contain
different tools and options according to the current mode, but in general their purpose is to
provide tools that allow you to input and modify notes, notation items, and frames, and to
determine which options are shown in their corresponding panels.
First steps
Getting around
14Notes toolbox in Write mode
Notations toolbox in Write mode
Dorico Pro provides panels with various functions in all modes. When you open the template,
there is a panel on the left of the music area. This is the Notes panel in Write mode. It contains all
the durations, accidentals, slurs, and articulations that are most commonly used when inputting
Notes panel in Write mode
First steps
Getting around
15Status Bar
At the bottom of the project window, a status bar allows you to select different views and page
arrangements for the music area. It contains different options in different modes.
Status bar
Functions of the modes on page 16
User interface on page 32
Mixer on page 395
Transport window on page 397
Functions of the modes
Modes represent different phases in the workflo w of preparing a score.
By switching to another mode, you change the workspace and the available panels.
Setup Mode
In Setup mode, you can create players and groups of players, and assign instruments to them.
You can define different layouts for your project that you can print or export independently. For
example, you can print or export a layout for the full score and separate layouts for each
instrumental part.
You can switch to Setup mode in any of the following ways:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-1.
● Click Setup in the toolbar.
● Choose Window > Setup.
Write Mode
In Write mode, you can input your music. The available toolboxes and panels allow you to input
all the notes and notation items that are most commonly used.
You can switch to Write mode in any of the following ways:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-2.
● Click Write in the toolbar.
● Choose Window > Write.
Engrave Mode
In Engrave mode, you can make fine adjustments to the music that you input in Write mode and
determine how the pages of your project are laid out.
You can switch to Engrave mode in any of the following ways:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-3.
● Click Engrave in the toolbar.
● Choose Window > Engrave.
Play Mode
In Play mode, you can assign virtual instruments and effects for playback to instruments and
playing techniques. You can make adjustments to how individual notes are played back in order
to produce a more realistic performance.
First steps
Getting around
16You can switch to Play mode in any of the following ways:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-4.
● Click Play in the toolbar.
● Choose Window > Play.
Print Mode
In Print mode, you can print your layouts or export them as graphic files.
You can switch to Print mode in any of the following ways:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-5.
● Click Print in the toolbar.
● Choose Window > Print.
Setup mode on page 62
Write mode on page 112
Engrave mode on page 267
Print mode on page 421
Play mode on page 353
Hiding/Showing panels
You can hide/show individual or multiple panels. This is useful if you want to see more of the
music area, for example.
● Hide individual panels or all panels in the following ways:
● To hide/show the left panel:
Press Ctrl/Cmd-7.
Click the disclosure arrow on the left edge of the main window.
Choose Window > Show Left Panel.
● To hide/show the right panel:
Press Ctrl/Cmd-9.
Click the disclosure arrow on the right edge of the main window.
Choose Window > Show Right Panel.
● To hide/show the bottom panel:
Press Ctrl/Cmd-8.
Click the disclosure arrow at the bottom of the main window.
Choose Window > Show Bottom Panel.
● To hide/show all panels:
Press Ctrl/Cmd-0.
Click Hide/Restore Panels.
Choose Window > Hide/Restore Panels.
The corresponding panels are hidden/shown. Panels are hidden when no tick is shown beside
the corresponding panel in the menu, and shown when a tick is shown in the menu.
First steps
Getting around
17If you hide all active panels, the Hide/Restore Panels button in the toolbar changes its look and
indicates which panels were active but are now hidden.
Appearance when panels are shown Appearance when all panels were previously shown
but are now all hidden
Working with tabs and windows
Dorico Pro enables you to set up your workspace according to your working style.
Dorico Pro allows you to open multiple tabs to display multiple layouts in the same project within
the same window. You can also open the same project in several windows.
Setting up your workspace on page 49
Opening a new tab
You can open a new tab to display a different view or layout within the same project window.
Each tab can contain a separate layout or a different view of a layout already open in another tab
or window. Whenever you open a new tab, you are prompted to select a layout that you want to
display in the tab.
You can find tabs in the tab bar, located at the top of the music area, below the toolbar. If you do
not see any tabs, click Show Tabs in the toolbar.
● To open a new tab, do one of the following:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-T.
● At the right end of the tab bar, click New Tab.
● Choose Window > New Tab.
A new tab opens that shows several icons at the top and a list of layouts at the bottom.
First steps
Getting around
18Options available in the music area when you open a new tab
You can click one of the icons or select a layout from the list at the bottom. Alternatively, you can
click Select Layout in the toolbar and choose one of the layouts from the menu. The layout that
you choose opens in the active tab.
Tab bar on page 40
Opening a new window
You can open another window for the same project.
This can be useful if you want to see and work on multiple layouts at the same time. You can also
open multiple project windows to show different modes of the same project.
● Open a new project window in any of the following ways:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-Shift-T.
● Choose Window > New Window.
A duplicate of the window opens. It contains the same tabs and the same view options as the
original window.
Opening multiple project windows on page 53
First steps
Getting around
19Starting a new project
After getting a first impression of the Dorico Pro user interface you can get started with inputting
your own music. In this section, you learn how to set up a new project.
All inputs that are made and the images that are used to accompany the steps in this chapter are
intended merely to be helpful examples. Therefore, there is no need to make the exact same
entries in order to get the depicted results.
Close the template without saving. The Hub reopens.
● Start a new project in any of the following ways:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-N.
● Click New Empty Project.
A new project window opens.
Whenever you start a new project without selecting a specific project template, Setup mode is
activated. This allows you to specify players and assign instruments right from the start. The area
in the middle, the project start area, which becomes the music area once you have added a
player, allows you to start your project with different types of players. On the right, the Layouts
panel shows a Full score entry. This entry is available in every new project. At the bottom of the
window is the Flows panel where you can specify separate spans of music for your project.
Start your project by adding an individual player or by adding a section player and assign an
instrument. You are free to assign any kind of instrument. In this chapter, only one piano player
is added as an example.
First steps
Starting a new project
Windows on page 36
Flows in Dorico Pro on page 30
Adding a solo player
In this section, you learn how to add a player and assign an instrument.
You have started a new project. You are in Setup mode.
1. Click Add Solo Player.
The instrument picker opens.
You can also open the instrument picker at any time by clicking the plus symbol to the
right of the added empty-handed player.
Alternatively, you can right-click the player and choose Add Instrument to Player from
the context menu.
2. Select a piano in the instrument picker in any of the following ways:
● Enter piano into the search box.
● Start entering the instrument name you want, then select it from the filter ed list.
● Click an instrument family and then an instrument.
● Press Up Arrow/Down Arrow to select an instrument family, then press Tab to
switch to the instrument column. Press Up Arrow/Down Arrow to select an
● An enclosure line shows which instrument family or instrument is selected
when using the keyboard to navigate.
● Press Shift-Tab to switch back to the previous column in the instrument
3. Click Add.
You have added your first player. In the music area, the required piano staves including their
respective clefs are displayed.
Save your project.
You can save your project at any time.
First steps
Starting a new project
21Optionally, you can now edit the project title or add more players.
The following sections help you to create flo ws and layouts. If you want to start composing, you
can skip those sections.
Writing music on page 23
Adding solo/section players on page 74
Creating a flo w
Flows are separate spans of music within your project, for example, movements or songs. In this
section, you learn how to create a flo w .
You have added at least one player. You are in Setup mode.
● In Setup mode, click Add Flow in the Flows panel at the bottom of the window.
A new flo w is added to your project each time you click Add Flow. All existing players are
assigned to new flo ws, and new flo ws are automatically added to all existing full score and part
Rename the flo w if required.
Optionally, deactivate the checkboxes of the players that you want to exclude from the flo w in
the Players panel.
Optionally, deactivate the checkboxes of the layouts from which you want to exclude the flo w in
the Layouts panel.
Flows on page 98
Renaming flo ws in Setup mode on page 100
Adding flo ws on page 99
Creating a layout on page 22
Creating a layout
Layouts define how music for one or more players in one or more flo ws is presented, including
page size, margins, staff size, and so on. In this section, you learn how to create a new layout.
You have added at least one player and one flo w . You are in Setup mode.
Several layouts are often used in ensembles with multiple players, where each player may
require a layout of the individual instrumental part. Dorico Pro automatically creates a full score
layout that contains all players and all flo ws as well as individual part layouts that each contain
one player and all flo ws. If you require a different combination of players and flo ws, for example,
a part containing the music for two players, you can create your own layouts, as follows:
● In the Layouts panel, click Add Instrumental Part Layout.
First steps
Starting a new project
An empty part is created on the Layouts panel.
Double-click the empty part to give it a name. Optionally, select the flo ws that you want to assign
to the layout in the Flows panel. Activate the checkboxes of the players that you want to assign
to the layout in the Players panel.
Creating layouts on page 102
Writing music
Once you have set up your project, you can start writing music.
In Write mode, you can input notes and insert other notations into your score.
Throughout Dorico Pro, most tasks can be accomplished using only your computer`s keyboard.
You do not need to use the mouse or touchpad. Learning key commands allows you to use
Dorico Pro most efficiently . The fastest way to input music is using a MIDI keyboard. If you do not
have a MIDI keyboard, you can use your computer`s keyboard. Of course, you can still use the
mouse or touchpad if you want.
In the following sections, you learn how to input notes and notation items.
Inputting your first notes
In this section, you learn how to input notes. You can start inputting notes without having to first
add a time signature or key signature.
● You have set up your MIDI keyboard.
If you have not set up a MIDI keyboard yet, you can start inputting notes with the
computer keyboard.
● You have added a piano player in Setup mode.
● You are in Write mode.
1. Select the rest that was automatically inserted next to the clef when you added a solo
First steps
Writing music
232. Start note input in any of the following ways:
● Select the staff where you want to input notes and press Shift-N or Return.
● Select the staff where you want to input notes and choose Write > Note Input.
● Double-click the staff where you want to input notes.
The caret is displayed.
3. In the Notes panel, click a duration.
By default, Dorico Pro selects a quarter note (crotchet) for you.
4. Start playing notes on the MIDI keyboard, or press A, B, C, D, E, F, G on the computer
keyboard to input the corresponding pitches.
If you want higher or lower pitch for the note that Dorico Pro inputs for you, you can force
a different register.
● To input a note above the previously input note, press Shift-Alt as well as the letter
for the note.
● To input a note below the previously input note, press Ctrl (macOS) or Ctrl-Alt
(Windows) as well as the letter for the note.
You must press Ctrl on Mac, not Cmd.
The pitches you enter or play in are input as notes.
Input notes with the caret still active after the final note
Write mode on page 112
Register selection during step input on page 136
Key commands in Dorico Pro on page 10
First steps
Writing music
24Adding a time signature on page 25
Adding a time signature
In this section, you learn how to add a time signature at the beginning of the staff. You can add a
time signature before or after inputting a melody.
Press Esc to deactivate the caret.
1. Select the first note on the staff.
2. Press Shift-M.
The time signatures popover opens above the staff.
3. Enter a typical time signature into the popover, such as 3/4.
4. Press Return to close the popover.
The time signature is automatically input to the left of the note, and the required bar lines are
automatically inserted at the correct positions. If you want to insert a key signature, proceed to
the next section.
Adding a key signature on page 25
Adding a key signature
In this section, you learn how to add a key signature. You can add a key signature at any
rhythmic position on the staff.
When you start a new project from scratch, by default, there is no key signature shown.
Depending on the kind of music you are writing, the key signature might be taken to mean C
major or an open key with no specific tonal center.
You can change the key anywhere on the staff. To add a different key signature at the beginning
of the staff, for example, D major, proceed as follows:
1. Select the first note on the staff.
First steps
Writing music
252. Press Shift-K.
This opens the key signatures popover on top of the staff.
3. Enter a key signature into the popover. If you want to enter D major, enter an uppercase
For D minor, enter a lowercase d.
4. Press Return.
The key signature is inserted between the clef and the time signature. Dorico Pro automatically
adds accidentals where necessary.
Inputting your first chord
In this section, you learn how to input a chord with the computer keyboard, using chord mode. If
you want to use a MIDI keyboard instead, you can input the chord with your keyboard, and you
do not need to use chord mode. Dorico Pro automatically inputs the correct notes.
Select the last note or rest on the staff, and press Return. This shows the caret.
1. Activate Chords in any of the following ways:
● Press Q.
● In the Notes toolbox, click Chords.
The caret shows a plus sign at the top.
2. Optional: In the Notes panel, select a duration.
First steps
Writing music
263. Input the notes that you want in your chord by pressing keys from A to G, one after the
other. For example, for a C major chord, press C, E, and G.
By default, Dorico Pro adds each new note above the previous note. You can select the
register of notes manually.
The example shows a possible result.
4. Press Space to advance the caret to the next note position and continue with the next
Dorico Pro expects further chord input until you deactivate it.
5. Optional: To deactivate chord input, press Q or deactivate Chords.
Key commands in Dorico Pro on page 10
Register selection during step input on page 136
First steps
Writing music
27The following sections give you an overview of the design philosophy as well as concepts on
which Dorico Pro is based.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with these concepts as these are often returned to
throughout the documentation.
Design philosophy
If you are experienced with other scoring applications and are interested in learning more about
deep design considerations for scoring programs, you may find the following discussion
illuminating, but everybody can safely skip it.
Dorico Pro has a forward-thinking design that is led by musical concepts rather than
computational convenience, and this provides many benefits.
Higher-level concepts
In most graphically-orientated scoring applications, the highest-level concept is the staff or the
instrument definition that creates a staff or staves. When setting up your full score, you start by
adding the correct number of staves, and you are immediately forced into making decisions
about the layout. This means that you must know in advance whether two flutes share a staff or
have their own individual staves, or whether there should be two trumpets or three. Many of
these decisions have significant effects throughout the process of inputting, editing, and
producing individual instrumental parts.
Typically, every system of a score must contain the same number of staves, even if some are
hidden on particular systems. This requires the user to manage common conventions for
themselves, such as multiple players of the same instrument sharing staves. This can be time-
consuming and is naturally error-prone.
Dorico Pro is designed to conform more closely to how music is performed in the real world and
to make the score a fle xible expression of the practical choices that go into a musical
performance, rather than to make the musical performance subservient to the way the score was
initially prepared.
To that end, the highest-level concept of Dorico Pro is the group of human musicians that
performs a score. A score can be written for one or more groups, for example, a double choir or
an orchestra plus off-stage chamber ensemble, and so on. Each group includes one or more
players which correspond to the humans who play one or more instruments. Players may either
be individuals who can play more than one instrument, for example, an oboist doubling cor
anglais, or groups in which everyone plays only one instrument, for example, eight desks of
The actual music that is played by the group in your score belongs to one or more flo ws. A flo w is
any span of music that stands alone, for example, a whole song, a movement of a sonata or
symphony, a number in a musical show, or even a short scale or exercise. Players might or might
not have any music to play in a given flo w . For example, all the brass players might be omitted
from the slow movement of a classical symphony, or certain players might have nothing to do in
Dorico Pro concepts
28some cues in a movie score. This is no problem as you can combine players in flo ws in any
Dorico Pro provides several benefits. Chief among them is its ability to produce different score
layouts that share the same musical content. For example, in the same project you can create a
full score with each player`s music on separate staves, a custom score layout containing just the
piano and vocal staves, and an instrumental part for each player that only contains the music
belonging to them.
One crucial difference between Dorico Pro and other scoring applications is that the musical
content exists independently of the score layout in which it is viewed.
Key musical concepts
In order to work efficiently with Dorico Pro, it is important to understand the conceptual model
of the program.
The model is closely based on the practical considerations of how music is written and performed
by real humans.
Projects in Dorico Pro on page 29
Modes in Dorico Pro on page 29
Instruments in Dorico Pro on page 30
Players in Dorico Pro on page 30
Groups in Dorico Pro on page 30
Flows in Dorico Pro on page 30
Layouts in Dorico Pro on page 31
Projects in Dorico Pro
A project is an individual document that you create within Dorico Pro. It can contain multiple
separate pieces of music, from very short to very long, written for any combination of
instruments and using different layouts.
Modes in Dorico Pro
Modes represent different phases in the workflo w of preparing a score.
Dorico Pro contains the following modes:
In this mode, you can set up the players and instruments that are played in the
project. You can create and manage flo ws and set up layouts.
In this mode, you can write your music. You can insert notes and rests, key
signatures, time signatures, and idiomatic notations.
In this mode, you have access to fine-gr ain controls that allow you to manipulate and
modify every item in the project. You can also manage pages, master pages, layouts,
and formats.
In this mode, you can set up your project for playback. You can assign VST
instruments, adjust the mix, and change the sounding duration of notes in playback
without affecting their notated duration.
Dorico Pro concepts
Key musical concepts
In this mode, you can define different print jobs, such as printing full conductors
scores, study scores, individual parts, and so on. For every print job, you can specify
options for page size and duplex printing. You can also manage other output, such
as exports to various file types, such as PNG.
Instruments in Dorico Pro
In Dorico Pro, an instrument is an individual musical instrument, such as a piano, a flute, or a
Dorico Pro has a database of information about properties of each instrument. These include the
playable range, common and uncommon playing techniques, notational conventions,
transposition properties, tunings, clef, number of staves, type of staff, and so on.
Instruments on page 82
Players in Dorico Pro
In Dorico Pro, a player can represent an individual musician or several musicians.
● Solo players are individual musicians who can play one or more instruments, for example,
a clarinettist who doubles on alto saxophone or a percussionist who plays bass drum,
clash cymbals, and triangle.
● Section players represent multiple musicians who all play the same instrument, for
example, a violin section player can represent eight desks of musicians, or a soprano
section player can represent the whole soprano section in a mixed voice choir.
Section players cannot double instruments, but they can play divisi. This means that they can be
divided into smaller units, which is commonly required for strings.
Groups in Dorico Pro
A group represents a collection of musicians that are considered together, such as a choir,
orchestra, or a chamber ensemble.
In a typical project, there might be only one group that contains all of the defined players, but
you can define as many groups as required to allow easy separation of forces in larger-scale
works. It might also be necessary to assign players to these groups for the purposes of, among
other things, properly bracketing and labelling their staves in the conductor`s score.
A work for double choir and organ can define the two choirs as separate groups. This allows each
choir to have its own label in addition to the labels for each sectional player (soprano, alto, tenor,
bass) within the choir.
In a complex work, such as Elliott Carter`s “A Symphony of Three Orchestras”, each of the
orchestras can be defined as a separate group.
Flows in Dorico Pro
Flows are separate spans of music that are completely independent in musical content, for
example, a song, a movement in a sonata or symphony, a number in a stage musical, or a short
Dorico Pro concepts
Key musical concepts
30scale or sight-reading exercise of only a few bars in length. A single project can contain one or
more flo ws.
Each flo w can contain music for any combination of players. For example, brass players are often
tacet in the second movements of Classical-period symphonies, so you can simply remove brass
players from the flo w for the second movement. In a set of cues for a movie, for example,
specific players might not be required in some cues, so the corresponding flo ws can contain only
those players who have anything to play.
The correct assignment of players to flo ws allows Dorico Pro, for example, to generate tacet
sheets automatically for individual instrumental parts.
Layouts in Dorico Pro
Layouts define how music for one or more players in one or more flo ws is presented, including
page size, margins, staff size, and so on.
Layouts combine musical content, as represented by flo ws, with rules for page layout and music
engraving. As well as part layouts for individual players, you can have layouts for multiple players
drawn from multiple different flo ws. You can use the layouts to produce paginated music
notation that can be printed or exported in various formats.
A typical project for an ensemble of multiple players contains several layouts. For example, a
work for string quartet in three movements contains four solo players – two violins, one viola,
and one cello – and three flo ws, one for each movement. Such a project might require five
● Four layouts each containing the music from all three flo ws for one of the solo players,
that is, the individual instrumental parts
● One layout containing the music from all three flo ws and all four players, that is, the full
Each layout provides independent control over practically every aspect of the visual appearance
of the music, including independent staff size, note spacing, and system formatting.
Each layout can have independent page layout properties, such as page size, margins, running
headers, and footers. These can be defined as master pages and then be applied freely to left- or
right-hand pages or to specific pages in a layout, for example, the first or last page.
Flow frames define where music appears on each page. One or more flo ws are assigned to each
flo w frame, in a manner analogous to how flo ws of text are assigned to text frames in desktop
publishing applications. Dorico Pro also provides for text frames, which allow the presentation of
blocks of text, such as prefatory material, critical commentary, and block lyrics.
The page layout features of Dorico Pro allow you to have multiple flo w frames and text frames on
the same page. This enables you to combine music from multiple flo ws on the same page.
Dorico Pro concepts
Key musical concepts
31The user interface of Dorico Pro is designed to be as unobtrusive as possible while keeping all of
the important tools at your fingertips.
You can explore the interface without doing any damage to your project. You can always undo
any inadvertent edits or close your project without saving it.
When you start Dorico Pro, the Hub opens. The Hub keeps you up-to-date with the latest
information and assists you with organizing your projects. It consists of the News section and
the Projects section.
The Hub contains the following:
1 Recent Projects
Allows you quick access to the projects that you worked on last. Selecting Recent Projects
shows them in the list. You can scroll through the list using either a mouse/trackpad or
using the Up Arrow/Down Arrow keys.
2 Project template categories
Allows you quick access to a suitable project template in the available categories. Selecting
a category shows the possible templates in that category in the list.
3 New Empty Project
Starts a new project with no players or flo ws.
4 List
User interface
32Displays options according to your selection on the left of the dialog.
5 Open Other
Allows you to search for and open any other project file in your file system.
6 New from Template (project template selected)
Creates a new project using the selected project template. Only available if you have
selected a project template.
Open Selected Project (recent project selected)
Opens the recent project file that you selected in the list. Alternatively, you can double-click
the file name or select the file and press Return.
7 User Forum
Links you to the user forum on the Steinberg website.
Links you to the download page on the Steinberg website, where you can find relevant
update installers and a link to the documentation.
9 News
Displays recent Steinberg news. Double-clicking a news item, or selecting it and clicking
Read More, opens it in a web browser.
10 Video Tutorials
Displays recent Dorico Pro tutorials. Double-clicking a video tutorial, or selecting it and
clicking Read More, opens it in a web browser.
11 More
Links you directly to the Dorico YouTube channel.
Starting new projects on page 33
Starting new projects from project templates on page 33
Brackets according to project template categories on page 34
Starting new projects
Dorico Pro provides several ways to start new projects.
● Start a new project in any of the following ways:
● Press Ctrl/Cmd-N at any time.
● Choose File > New at any time.
● In the Hub, click New Empty Project.
A new project window opens.
Starting new projects from project templates
Dorico Pro provides multiple project templates that you can use to start a new project, for
example, multiple types of orchestras and vocal ensembles.
1. In the Hub, select one of the following project template categories:
● Orchestral
User interface
33● Band
● Jazz
● Chamber
● Choral and Vocal
● Solo
2. Select a project template from the available templates in the category.
3. Click New from Template.
The project template opens in a new project window.
You can also start a new project from a template at any time by choosing File > New from
Template > [Template category] > [Project template].
You can add additional players/instruments and delete players/instruments that were included in
the template to customize your project.
Brackets according to project template categories on page 34
Adding solo/section players on page 74
Deleting players on page 80
Adding instruments to players on page 83
Deleting instruments on page 87
Brackets according to project template categories
Staves are bracketed differently depending on the category of project template you use to start a
new project, even if you later add or remove players from the project. For example, all staves are
bracketed together when you start a project using one of the chamber templates.
The following categories of templates are available in Dorico Pro, which bracket staves
automatically in different ways by automatically selecting the appropriate ensemble type for
bracketing for the template on the Brackets and Braces page in Engrave > Engraving Options.
● Grand staff instruments, such as piano, are always excluded from brackets and split
brackets if they are placed within a bracketed group.
● There must be at least two adjacent instruments for a bracket to be shown.
Large ensembles containing most Western instruments, including strings,
woodwinds, brass, and percussion.
In orchestral templates, staves are bracketed according to their instrument family.
For example, adjacent string instruments are bracketed together separately from
adjacent woodwind instruments.
Large ensembles containing primarily wind instruments, including woodwind and
brass instruments, and optionally percussion and other instruments, such as strings
and guitars.
User interface
34Different band templates bracket instruments differently, for example, the concert
band template brackets woodwind and brass instruments separately, whereas the
brass band template brackets brass instruments according to their instrument type,
except for horns and trumpets, which are bracketed together; any other instruments
in the score are bracketed according to their instrument family, and percussion and
timpani are bracketed separately.

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