Exakta – 6×6 (1953) – User Manual

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Instructions for using the 14 = Focusing ring with distance scale
15 = Diaphragm pre-setting ring
16 = Diaphragm scale ring
17 = Lens
18 = Knob for fastening lens
19 = Flash-connecting nipple (DIN 19003)
20 = Adjusting disk for flash connection
21 = Tripod socket on side of camera
22 = Camera support
23 = Shutter release knob
24 = Speed-setting knob for l/lO th sec. to 12 secs ., and
1 /5 th sec. to 6 secs. with self-release (speed-regu­
lating mechanism)
25 = Locking lever for shutter release
26 = Reverse knob for exposure counter
27 = Wi nding disk
28 = Speed-setting knob for 1/ 25 th to l/1000`th sec.,
1 and B
29 == Exposure counter
30 = Camera back
31 = Locking lever for camera back
32 = Blank plate for film notes
33 = or blank plate (32)
-wind indicator
36 = Feeler d – . m leader
37 = Film press`ure pia
38 = Large film-sliding roller
39 = Lower film chamber
40 = Flap for lower film chamber
41 = Driving mechanism (upper film chamber)
42 = Upper film chamber
43 = Ratchet wheel
44 = Film gate with focal-plane shutter ,
Fig. 1
us to have reference
charts before you while
stud ying the text.
Fig. 2
3 5
23 22 15 16 9
Explanation 01 Numbers in the Illustrations
1 = Lighthood
2 = Lighthood cap
3 = Lighthood flap with eyepiece
4 = Magnifying-lens
5 = Magnifying-lens panel
6 = Knob for fastening magn ifying lens panel
7 = Locking lever for lighthood latch
8 = Lighthoad finder flap (hinged)
9 = Neckstrap holders
10 = Knob for fastening the lighthood
11 = Locking lever for ground-glass magnifier
12 a Red dot on bayonet ring
12 b Red dot on lens mount
13 = Depth-of-field scale on lens mount
, .
Fig. 3 Instructions
for–using the
2Jh1, Before inserting the first film, you must become perfectly
familiar with your EXAKTA 6 x 6 and learn exactly how to
handle it. This is why the instructions for inserting and
changing the film have been left to the last.
Removing and attaching the camera back
To unlock the camera back (30), the lever (31) must be swung
along the surface of the camera body, clockwise, half a rotation
upwards, i. e. in the direction of the lighthood (1). Push the
camera back (30) about 3 to 4 mm to the left (looking at the
back of the camera) and take it off. – There are two possibili­
ties for attaching the camera back. In both cases the camera
has to be held in the left hand and the camera back in the
right hand:
Either: Place the camera back carefully against the camera
body, causing the little punctured projections at top and
bottom left of back to meet the corresponding pins on camera
Fig. 4
2 Fig . 5
body, at the same time poying ottention that the right side of
the back is held in an angular position. Push the back to the
right agoinst the body ond into the groove as for as it will
go (see fig . 4). Lock the latch 31 (see below).
Or: Insert the camera back – top end in a sl ightly angu lar
position – precisely with its bottom edge into the camera
body, so that the lower projection stands just above the
corresponding pin. Now push also the top of the back against
the body and slide it to the right in the groove as far as it
will go (see fig . 5).
Swing the locking lever (31) of the camera back half a rotation
anti-clockwise downwards. Camera body and camera back are
now firmly connected again .
When attaching the camera back, be careful not to move the
lever (31) too soon, as this may prevent a safe locking of the back.
3 I ..
Opening and closing the lighthood
Tilt the locking lever (7) towards the camera back: the light­
hood (1) springs apen. – When closing the lighthood, turn in
the flaps one after the other, as marked by the numbers 1,2
and 3: first the flap with the eyepiece, then the right-hand
and after this the left-hand flap, and lastly, the lighthood cap
which will click in audibly.
Shutter and filmtransport
are coupled (na iriadvertent double exposures, and no blanks!):
the shutter is released by pressure on the shutter release
knob (23), shutter wind and film transport are actuated by
means of winding disk (27). Should there be no reflex image
visible in the finder· hood (shutter not wound up), take hold
of the grasps on the winding disk (27) and turn the disk half
a rotation clockwise until it stops, and let it run back. In resting
position, the red dot of the wind ing disk (27) has to be at
upper left. Only in this position can the shutter be released.
Releasing is impossible at any between stops. If a number is
visible in the exposure counter (29), the wind ing disk (27)
cannot be rotated as long as the shutter is wound up. With
the red F in the exposure cou`nter (this appears after the
number 12), the shutter release is locked, but the winding
disk (27) can be turned (important for film transport without
shutter winding, at the beginning and end of each film) . To
set exposure counter on the number 1 in place of the red F
(or the numbers 2 to 12): push the reverse knob (26) upwards
in the direction of the lighthood (1).
The shutter
Instont exposures of 1/
th to 1/ 1000 th sec.: Lift the speed·setting
knob (28) before or after winding the shutter, turn the knob
until the desired speed stands against the marking dot in the
center and let the knob (28) jump back. The knob (28) may
be turned in either direction, however, there is no transition
between T and 1/12 th sec. The numbers indicate fractions of
a second, e. g. 25 = 1/
th sec.
Time exposures of any desired length: Set the knob (28) on T
or B. T = shutter is opened by first pressure on release knob (23)
and closed by second pressure. B = shutter rema ins open
until pressure on release knob (23) is relaxed.
4 Automatic speed regulation from 1/
th sec. to 12 secs. (immediate
running down of the shutter): Wind up the shutter. Set the
knob (28) on Tor B. Turn the large speed-setting knob (24)
clockwise as far as it will go (winding up of the speed­
regulating mechanism). Lift the outer ring of the knob (24),
rotate it until the desired black number stands against the
marking dot on the middle disk, and then let the outer ring
jump back.
Exposures with sell-release (delayed action) :
a) Shutter speeds from 1 /5 th sec. to 6 secs. : Set the shutter
as described just before, but adjust the knob (24) to the
desired red speed number.
b) Shutter speeds from 1/
th to 1/
th sec. : Set the knob (28)
on the desired speed number, e. g. 1/ 100 th sec., but< not on Tor B. lift and turn the outer ring of knob (24) as described before and set it on anyone of the red numbers. In connection with knob (24). the black numbers mean immediate exposure. whereas the red numbers indicate self­ release (delayed action) : 13 seconds expire before the shutter opens . The release knob (23) is designed to take a cable release. A locking device prevents unintentional actuating of the shutter: By half a rotation of the locking lever (25) clockwise upward`s in the direction of the lighthood (1), the release knob (23) is bolted. The lens and its adjustment The lens (17) is interchangeable : Push the knob (18) in the direction of the camero back, turn the lens to the left (looking at the camera front) until the red dots 120 and 12 b (Fig. 6) stand against each other. Lift the lens off the camera front. - When installing the lens, first place it on the camera so as to make the red dots meet and then turn it to the right until it clicks in. Focusing is performed by rotating the focusing ring (14) with distance scale. To set the diaphragm, turn the diaphragm ring (16). (The small numbers 2.8/3,5 = large aperture = short 5 exposure, less depth of field, the large numbers 22/16 = smoll operture = longer exposure, greater depth of field). Details are given on the depth-of-field scale (13): To the left and right of the focusing mark is the desired diaphragm number, opposite which is indicated the range of distance within which the exposure will be sufficiently sharp. Lenses with diophrogm pre-setting device have an adjustable stop ring for the diaphragm ring. On most lenses, the pre-setting ring (15) behind the diaphragm scale has to be pushed back towards the camera (Fig. 6), whereupon the dia­ phragm ring (16) must be rotated until the aperture (= dio­ phragm number) with which the exposure is to be made, stands against the red marking dot. Now let the pre-setting ring (15) spring back into its original position. Focusing can be performed with the lens at full aperture and, immediately before releasing the shutter, without changing the position of the camera, the diarhragm ring (16) is turned back to the "pre-set stop". - With other lenses, there may be slight deviations concerning the employment of the "diaphragm pre-setting device". Fig. 6 6 How to use the lighthood The ground-glass image is enlarged by the interchangeable ground-gloss magnifier underneath the lighthood (1). Additional enlargement is gained by the magnifying lens (4), Fig. 2: Push the knob (6) downwards in the direction of the arrow. With the magnifying lens (4) in working position, push the two side flaps of the lighthood slightly inward, using light pressure of thumb and index finger, causing the flaps to snap into the panel (5) of the magnifying lens (protection against outside light). When using the magnifying lens (4), hold the camera close to your eye! To fold the magnifying lens (4) back into its original position, raise the mount of the lens, thereby disconnecting the lighthood flaps from the lens panel and push the lens panel into the lighthood until it clicks in. Fig. 7 7 The lighthood may also be converted into a direct-vision frame finder: bring the magnifying lens (4) into working position and open up the hinged lighthood finder flop (8). The square opening in the rear flop (3) of the lighthood serves as eye­ piece. - Subjects in very rapid horizontal movement should be token with the camero held in the horizontal position (Fig. 7). The lighthoad is interchangeable: Close down the lighthood before removing it from the camero. Press down the knob (10), lift the lighthood above the knob (10) and toke it carefully out of the bearings. When replacing the lighthoad, first slip it into the bearings from the bock of the camera (two pins in the lighthaod fit into two holes in the frame of the bearings) and then fasten it at the front above the knob (10). (The latch snaps in audibly). To exchange the magnifying lens (ground-glass magnifier), take off the lighthood. Push up the locking lever (1 1) as for as it will ga (Fig . 8), tilt the camera carefully, at the same time taking hold of the magnifying lens in the lighthood frame. To Fig. 8 8 insert the ground-gloss magnifier, or a special magnifying lens, push up the locking lever (11), place the lens (its flat surface towards the camera mirror), cut-in groove first, into the camera from the rear and let it slide into the frame at the front. Not until this has been accomplished, may the locking lever (11) spring back into its original position. Take care not to touch the ground - gloss surface of the lenses with your fingers! Loading the film Negative material: Roll film 6 x 9 cm for 12 exposures 6 x 6 cm (2% x2Y4"). While the film is being loaded, the red F must be visible in the counting mechanism (29). If necessary, turn the knurled knob on the counting disk until the F appears. Remove the camera back, as described in section 1. Inserting an empty film spool into the upper film chamber: Turn the film key (35) quarter of a rotation to the right, and the red dots will no longer be opposite each other. Draw out the film key (35) until it stops. Place an empty film spool with the long slit on the left, i. e. on the side where the ratchet wheel (43) is, on to the driving mechanism (41) in the upper film chamber (42). On the right-hand side (film-key side) the spool must be laid into the film chamber (42) and the film key (35) pushed in, so that the peg of the film key cotches the round hole in the spool. Now turn the film key (35) with slight pressure quarter of a rotation to the left, and the red dots (above and below) will meet again. The empty film spool is held tight on both sides. Inserting the unexposed film into the lower film chamber: Open the lower film chamber (39). Unfold the flap (40). Completely remove the gumstrip from the film. Unroll about 10 cm (4 ") of the protective paper, but hold the film tight to avoid penetration of light. Put the roll· film into the lower film chamber, with the colored, printed surface inward, so that the paper leader can be drawn around the large film -sliding roller (38) and across the film pressure plate (37) to the empty spool (Fig. 9). The black surface of the protective paper must be visible! Hold the protective paper tight. Close the lower film chamber (39). Introduce the pointed leader of the protective 9 paper into the long slit of the empty spool (the slit must be completely filled out with the paper). Turn the ratchet wheel (43) in the direction of the film pressure plate (37), i. e. towards the protective paper, thereby rolling up the paper leader until the spool core is covered by one layer of paper. Turn down the paper point projecting from the spool slit with your finger. The paper strip must now lie perfectly flat and tight on the film pressure plate (37), black surface upwards ! What to do before taking your picture Attach camero bock as described on pages 2 and 3 (figs. 4 and 5). Toke care that camero bock is always attached in on angular position, otherwise the protective paper might be damaged! Turn the winding disk (27) seven times from its resting point to the stop, letting it run back each time. Before this pelformance, the red F must be visible in the exposure counter! (This "F" position may be obtained, if necessary, by turning the milled knob (29) with your finger tip). After the seven rotations, make only short movements with the winding Fig. 9 10 disk (27), closely observing the progress of the film and the window for film-wind indicator (34). As soon as the film leader reaches the feeler device (36), the light signal in the window (34) will jump about 2 to 3 mm to the right (Fig. 10), whereupon the red dot of the winding disk (27) has to be wound only for about 5 mm more, with noticeable draught of the film. The first sec­ tion of film is now in the fi lm gate. Push the reverse knob (26) for the counting mechanism upwards in the direction of the lighthood, and the exposure counter (29) is set on No.1. With the locking mecha­ nism out of action, the camera is ready for the Fig. 10 exposure. Make no ad- justments on the coun­ ting mechanism during the 12 exposures, otherwise film trans­ port will be uneven . Aftereach advancement oftliefilm, convince yourself that the transport disk (27) has been wound up with a full clockwise rotation as far as it will go, for only then will the transport disk automatically return ta its neutral position. The blank plate (32) is designed for making notes concerning the kind of negative material in the camera, e. g. DLC = day­ light colo r film , or ISS 21/10, etc. Only use blunt writing material (a motch or someth ing similar), and no scratching points. To extingui sh the writing, turn the knob (33). Making the exposure 1) Open the lighthood 2) Set the shutter speed (exposure time) 3) Focus and view ihe reflex image 4) Stop down the lens 5) Release the shutter 6) Wind the shutter and film transport (simultaneously ` setting the mirror and counting mechanism) by turning the winding disk (27) without further observing the signal in window (34). 11 .. The performances No.2 to 4 can, if desired, be carried out in different succession . All the performances are repeated until, after the 12 th exposure, the red F appears in _ the exposure counter (29). Exposures at 1/ 25 th sec. and shorter can be made from your hand, without a tripod. For longer exposures, a tripod should be used, infact it may be necessary. There are two tripod sockets, one in the base plate and one in the right-hand side of the camera (21), as seen from the front, for fitting it either in the vertical or horizontal position. Changing the film After the red F appears in the exposure counter (29), actuate the winding disk (27) repeatedly until the light signal in the window (34) recedes to the left and winding becomes easier. Remove the camera back (30). Paste down gumstrip immedia­ tely, so as to keep film from unrolling. Turn fjlm key (35) quarter of a rotation to the right, until it stops. Push film to the right by pressing righthand spool adjustment and take it out. - Place the empty spool out of the lower film cham­ ber (39) into the upper film chamber (42) as described before. Flashlight connection is designed for regular flashes (Vakublitz) and flash tubes (electronic flashes) . In both cases, the cable cord is cor.nected to the contact nipple (19). The ignition of flash tubes being practically without delay, the adjusting disk (20) is set on 0 by turning the milled control knob in the direction of the arrow (the 0 is underneath the red dot). In connection with flash tubes, the focal-plane shutter is set at 1/ 25 th sec. - Regular flashes ignite at various speeds: the adjusting disk (20) is set according to a special table still in preparation in which are contained numbers referring to the flash bulb and to the corresponding shutter speed (these numbers are only reference values and not milliseconds marking the ignition delay). Never turn the adjustment disk (20) against the direction of the arrow. This might lead to an unintended contact. 12 DRESDEN GERMANY ~.---------------- Printed in G ermany T R PT - Nr. 140/55 F orm 3260 / ~/ 5411 111/9/86 1 Ag 2045 / 55 DDR om 25. 8. 55

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